Effect of the Sliding Velocity on the Size and Amount of Airborne Wear Particles Generated from Dry Sliding Wheel-Rail Contacts
2016 (English)In: Tribology letters, ISSN 1023-8883, E-ISSN 1573-2711, Vol. 63, no 3, 30Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A set of frictional experiments have been conducted on a pin-on-disk apparatus to investigate the effect of the sliding velocity on airborne wear particles generated from dry sliding wheel-rail contacts. The size and the amount of generated particles were acquired by using particle counter instruments during the whole test period. After the completion of tests, the morphology and chemical compositions of pin worn surfaces and collected particles were analyzed by using scanning electron microscopy combined with an energy-dispersive X-ray analysis system. The results show that the total particle number concentration increases dramatically with an increased sliding velocity from 0.1 to 3.4 m/s. Moreover, the fine and ultrafine particles (<1 mu m) dominates the particle generation mode in the case of a high sliding velocity (1.2 and 3.4 m/s). The contact temperature variation is observed to be closely related to the size mode of the particle generation. In addition, the sliding velocity is found to influence the active wear. Correspondingly, an oxidative wear is identified as the predominant wear mechanisms for cases with high sliding velocities (1.2 and 3.4 m/s). This produces a substantial number of iron oxide-containing particles (<1 mu m) and reduces the wear rate to a relative low level (the wear rate for a 3.4 m/s sliding velocity is 4.5 % of that for a 0.4 m/s sliding velocity).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 63, no 3, 30
Dry sliding contact, Airborne wear particles, Temperature, Oxidative wear, Wheel rail
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-193200DOI: 10.1007/s11249-016-0716-5ISI: 000382392200001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84978909846OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-193200DiVA: diva2:1034596
QC 201610122016-10-122016-09-302016-10-12Bibliographically approved