The effect of self-leveling on debris bed coolability under severe accident conditions
2016 (English)In: Nuclear Engineering and Design, ISSN 0029-5493, E-ISSN 1872-759X, Vol. 305, 246-259 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Nordic-type boiling water reactors employ melt fragmentation, quenching, and long term cooling of the debris bed in a deep pool of water under the reactor vessel as a severe accident (SA) mitigation strategy. The height and shape of the bed are among the most important factors that determine if decay heat can be removed from the porous debris bed by natural circulation of water. The debris bed geometry depends on its formation process (melt release, fragmentation, sedimentation and settlement on the containment basemat), but it also changes with time afterwards, due to particle redistribution promoted by coolant flow (self-leveling). The ultimate goal of this work is to develop an approach to the assessment of the probability that debris in such a variable-shape bed can reach re-melting (which means failure of SA mitigation strategy), i.e. the time necessary for the slumping debris bed to reach a coolable configuration is larger than the time necessary for the debris to reach the re-melting temperature. For this purpose, previously developed models for particulate debris spreading by self-leveling and debris bed dryout are combined to assess the time necessary to reach a coolable state and evaluate its uncertainty. Sensitivity analysis was performed to screen out less important input parameters, after which Monte Carlo simulation was carried out in order to collect statistical characteristics of the coolability time. The obtained results suggest that, given the parameters ranges typical of Nordic BWR5, only a small fraction of debris beds configurations exhibits the occurrence of dryout. Of the initially non-coolable configurations, a significant portion becomes coolable due to debris bed self-leveling.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 305, 246-259 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-193436DOI: 10.1016/j.nucengdes.2016.05.020ISI: 000383003400024ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84973925908OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-193436DiVA: diva2:1034640
FunderSwedish Radiation Safety Authority
QC 201610122016-10-122016-10-032016-10-12Bibliographically approved