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X-Ray Imaging with an Electron- Impact Liquid-Metal-Jet-Anode Source
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2723-6622
(English)In: Radiology, ISSN 0033-8419, E-ISSN 1527-1315Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5837OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-5837DiVA: diva2:10349
Note
QS 20120327Available from: 2006-05-30 Created: 2006-05-30 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. A Compact High-Brightness Liquid-Metal-Jet X-Ray Source
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Compact High-Brightness Liquid-Metal-Jet X-Ray Source
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis describes the development and characterization of a compact high-brightness liquid-metal-jet anode x-ray source. Initial calculations show that a source based on this concept could potentially lead to a >100-fold increase of the brightness compared to current state-of-the-art rotating-anode x-ray sources. This improvement is due to an increased thermal load capacity of the anode.

A low-power proof-of-principle source has been built, and experiments show that the liquid-metal-jet anode can be operated at more than an order of magnitude higher power densities than modern solid-metal anodes. This brightness enhancement has been utilized to acquire in-line phase-contrast images of weakly absorbing objects with substantially shorter exposure times than previously reported. To be able to target different application areas different liquid-jet-anode materials have been tested. The Sn-jet anode could potentially be used in mammography examinations, whereas the Ga-jet could be utilized for, e.g., protein-structure determination with x-ray diffraction.

Scaling to higher power and brightness levels is discussed and seems conceivable. A potential obstacle for further development of this source concept, the generation of a microscopic high-speed liquid-metal jet in vacuum, is investigated and is proven to be feasible. Dynamic-similarity experiments using water jets to simulate 30-μm, ~500-m/s tin and gallium jets show good coherence and directional stability of the jet. Other potential difficulties in the further source development, such as excessive debris emission and instabilities of the x-ray emission spot, are also investigated in some detail.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2006. xii, 61 p.
Series
Trita-FYS, ISSN 0280-316X ; 2006:36
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4005 (URN)91-7178-371-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-06-09, Sal D3, Lindstedtsvägen 5, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100915Available from: 2006-05-30 Created: 2006-05-30 Last updated: 2010-09-15Bibliographically approved

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Hertz, Hans M.

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