Geant4 Monte Carlo Simulations of the International Space Station Radiation Environment
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
A detailed characterization of the proton and neutron induced radiation environment onboard Columbus and the International Space Station (ISS) has been carried out using the Geant4 Monte Carlo particle transport toolkit. Dose and dose equivalent rates, as well as penetrating particle spectra corresponding to incident trapped protons, GCR protons, SPE protons and cosmic ray albedo neutrons are presented.
These results are based on detailed Geant4 geometry models of Columbus and ISS, comprising a total of about 750 and 350 geometry volumes, respectively. Additionally, the physics models of Geant4 have been validated with respect to space radiation shielding applications. Geant4 physics configurations based on the “Binary Cascade” and “Bertini Cascade” models of hadronic reactions were found to adequately model the particle interactions of the relevant space radiation fields. Other studied Geant4 models of hadronic reactions were found to be unsatisfactory for this application.
Calculated trapped proton dose rates are found to be strongly dependent on ISS altitude. Dose rates for different locations inside the Columbus cabin are presented, as well as for different models of the incident space radiation flux. Dose rates resulting from incident anisotropic trapped protons are found to be lower, or equal to, those of omnidirectional models. The anisotropy induced by the asymmetric shielding distribution of Columbus/ISS is also studied. GCR proton dose rates are presented, and it is demonstrated that the presence of thick shielding may increase the dose rate. A possible problem using Geant4 for future studies of effects induced by high-energy GCR ions is discussed. The dose rate due to cosmic ray albedo neutrons is demonstrated to be negligible.
The calculated trapped proton dose rates are 120 μGy/d and 79 μGy/d for solar minimum and maximum conditions, respectively. GCR dose rates are estimated based on calculated GCR proton dose rates to 161 μGy/d and 114 μGy/d, respectively. These dose rates are found to be compatible with experimental measurements.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2006. , vii, 114 p.
Trita-FYS, ISSN 0280-316X ; 2006:43
Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4007ISBN: 91-7178-398-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4007DiVA: diva2:10359
2006-06-09, Svedbergsalen, AlbaNova univ centrum, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 13:30
Sihver, Lembit, Professor
QC 201101252006-05-302006-05-302011-01-25Bibliographically approved