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Mixed ionic-electronic conductor membrane based fuel cells by incorporating semiconductor Ni0.8Co0.15Al0.05LiO2-delta into the Ce0.8Sm0.2O2-delta-Na2CO3 electrolyte
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2016 (English)In: International journal of hydrogen energy, ISSN 0360-3199, E-ISSN 1879-3487, Vol. 41, no 34, 15346-15353 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the present study, a novel composite was fabricated by incorporating the semiconductor Ni0.8Co0.15Al0.05LiO2-delta (NCAL) into the ionic electrolyte Ce0.8Sm0.2O2-delta-Na2CO3 (NSDC), and further developed as a mixed-conducting membrane for single layer fuel cell (SLFC) applications. Experimentally, the crystal structure, morphology, chemical composition and thermo-stability of the composite were characterized by XRD, SEM and TGA. The best cell performance was investigated when the NSDC-NCAL membrane was optimized at a weight ratio of 6:4. On this basis, a number of interesting findings were obtained: i) the mixed conducting membrane did not cause any short circuit; on the contrary, the cell reached a decent open circuit voltage (OCV) of similar to 1.0 V. a high power density of 1072 mW cm(-2) was achieved at 550 degrees C for the NSDC-NCAL membrane based cell, which was much better than that using a pure NSDC electrolyte membrane. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) showed that the NSDC-NCAL composite exhibited significantly improved grain boundary conduction and reduced electrode polarizations, contributing to the resultant performance. To consolidate the usefulness of the device, we also conducted the durability test. The above findings indicate the strategy of introducing mixed NSDC-NCAL membrane is feasible for high-performance SLFCs operating at low temperatures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 41, no 34, 15346-15353 p.
Keyword [en]
Low temperature solid oxide fuel cell, Mixed conducting membrane, Ni0.8Co0.15Al0.05LiO2-delta(NCAL)-Ce0.8Sm0.2O2-delta-Na2CO3(NSDC), Single layer fuel cell
National Category
Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-193170DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.07.032ISI: 000382793000025OAI: diva2:1037174

QC 20161014

Available from: 2016-10-14 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2016-10-14Bibliographically approved

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Zhu, Bin
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