Modeling of Thermal Stratification and Mixing Induced by Steam Injection Through Spargers Into a Large Water Pool
2016 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
The pressure suppression pool of a Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) is designed to protect the containment from over pressure by condensing steam. Under certain steam injection conditions, thermal stratification can develop in the pool and significantly reduce its pressure suppression capacity. In this work, we propose a model to simulate the pool behavior during a steam injection through spargers, which are multi-hole injection pipes connecting the main steam lines to the wetwell pool. The aim of the model is to predict the global pool behavior. Effective Heat and Momentum Sources (EHS/EMS) approach is used to model time averaged effects of small scale direct contact condensation phenomena on the large scale pool circulation. The model was implemented in Fluent 16.2 and validated against experimental data obtained in PANDA facility at PSI (Switzerland). The scaling of the experiments was done to address the most important physical phenomena that can occur in plant scale. The results show that the global pool behavior can be predicted using the Standard Gradient Diffusion Hypothesis (SGDH) in k-Omega turbulence model.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-194227OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-194227DiVA: diva2:1038898
CFD4NRS-6, At Cambridge MA
QC 201610242016-10-202016-10-202016-10-24Bibliographically approved