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Disposal of municipal land aimed for housing: a critical evaluation of assigning methods applied in Sweden
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1480-271X
2016 (English)Other (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In Sweden considerable amounts of land suitable for housing is owned publicly, or more specifically, by any of the 290 municipalities. A significant proportion of the land necessary for the housing market is accordingly owned, controlled and consequently publicly supplied to a highly privatized developer sector that carries out the actual development. A pivotal task in the Swedish land markets, and a natural consequence of the initial separation between land and developer, concerns the disposal phase, i.e. the allocation procedures were land initially owned by a municipality gets assigned to a specific developer. In Sweden, distribution of municipal land aimed for housing is done by so-called ‘land allocations’. While numerous scientific articles implicitly acknowledging the occurrence of local authorities abroad supplying developers with land aimed for housing, the structure of this disposal procedure seems yet to be a rather neglected subject within current housing research. The objective of present article is therefore twofold, with a first aim to present contemporary disposal practice of municipal land aimed for housing, as it is applied in Sweden. More specifically, the assignment of land allocations – i.e. the developer selection – is examined based on an empirical investigation of practices in over 30 municipalities. Secondly, this article seeks to, while acknowledging the nature of a land allocation, critically assess and intermutually rank observed methods. In short, the present article initially distinguishes between two diverging ‘assigning approaches’ – a tender approach and a direct approach. This is followed by a subdivision into four distinct ‘assigning methods’ – auctions, competitions without price, competitions with price and direct allocations.

Place, publisher, year, pages
2016. , 21 p.
Keyword [en]
Land policy, Land disposal, Land allocation, Housing
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Real Estate and Construction Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-195110OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-195110DiVA: diva2:1044122
Note

QC 20161102

Available from: 2016-11-02 Created: 2016-11-02 Last updated: 2016-11-16Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Municipal Landownership and Housing in Sweden: Exploring links, supply and possibilities
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Municipal Landownership and Housing in Sweden: Exploring links, supply and possibilities
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis comprises a number of studies, all directed at different linkages between municipal landownership and housing in Sweden. In all, the thesis consists of four papers. Of these, initial Paper I targets the emergence of the municipal landownership that still today are of crucial importance for the Swedish housing market. The main functions of the municipal landownership from the beginning of the 20th century and up until present time are retrospectively investigated and its role within Swedish housing during different times is elaborated upon. Paper II thereafter redirects focus to present time solely, and studies the management of the municipal land from particularly a housing perspective. More concretely, the disposal procedure – or land allocation practice – of the municipal land aimed for housing is investigated empirically, based on current practice in more than 25 municipalities. Paper III builds on preceding Paper II, but with a narrowed focus to a fundamental sequence of the disposal procedure – namely the developer selection. Accordingly, four different assigning methods, all derived from municipal practice, are discerned and their individual strengths and weaknesses are systematically discussed. Lastly, Paper IV attempts to illuminate an often overlooked dimension of the municipal landownership – as a potential and powerful instrument to counter polarizations between different social-groups, within the built environment. Necessary prerequisites in order to enable this are presented and an empirical study investigates whether this, somewhat concealed, potential in the municipal landownership seems to be utilized in practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Kungliga Tekniska högskolan, 2016. 74 p.
Series
TRITA-FOB, DT-2016:9
Keyword
Landownership, Muncipal landownership, Land allocation, Land development, Land policy, Housing
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Research subject
Real Estate and Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-195171 (URN)978-91-85783-70-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-12-09, E3, Osquars backe 14, Stockholm, 09:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20161103

Available from: 2016-11-03 Created: 2016-11-02 Last updated: 2016-11-16Bibliographically approved

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