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Elderly Victimization and Fear of Crime in Public Spaces
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5302-1698
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
2015 (English)In: International Criminal Justice Review, ISSN 1057-5677, E-ISSN 1556-3855, Vol. 26, no 2, 115-133 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Drawing upon environmental criminology principles and fear of crime literature, this article investigates the types of outdoor places where most crimes against the elderly happen as well as the types of places most feared by them. The study employs an analysis of secondary data, crime mapping, fieldwork, and interviews with residents in a senior housing area in Stockholm, Sweden. Results show that most crime victims were exposed to theft, and all incidents took place in the environment close to the senior housing. Elderly perceived safety follows a “distance decay” from the residence, the safest places being the areas immediately outside the entrance of the senior housing, while the least safe are the deserted areas close to the petrol station. Findings also show that for those who are fairly mobile, the fact that they avoid some places does not necessarily mean their mobility is restricted, as previously expected, but it makes them walk farther. © 2016, 2016 Georgia State University.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2015. Vol. 26, no 2, 115-133 p.
Keyword [en]
elderly mobility, outdoor environment, perceived safety, victimization
National Category
Law
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-194675DOI: 10.1177/1057567716639096Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84968883527OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-194675DiVA: diva2:1046730
Note

QC 20161115

Available from: 2016-11-15 Created: 2016-10-31 Last updated: 2017-05-24Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Ensuring elderly mobility: environmental and safety issues
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ensuring elderly mobility: environmental and safety issues
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to provide a better understanding of the issues of safe mobility ‎for the elderly population in Sweden. ‎This is achieved first by assessing the geography and patterns of ‎elderly falls at the county level and then by conducting a detailed survey with residents in senior ‎housing to investigate the relationship between indoor and/or outdoor environmental ‎characteristics and elderly safety. Safety is regarded as a multidimensional concept that ‎involves risk of falls, crime victimization and elderly people’s perception of their ‎overall safety. Using a case study approach, the study also assesses the types of outdoor places where most crimes ‎against the elderly take place and the types of places most feared by them. The study ‎adapts a set of qualitative and quantitative methods ‎to capture the nature of the phenomena; trends, patterns and frameworks that support ‎the analysis and implications of the results for both research and practice. The findings show ‎that elderly falls in Sweden vary geographically and exhibit gender, age, environmental, and socio-‎economic differences. The mobility of the older population is influenced by their ‎perceived safety in indoor and outdoor environments. Certain features of apartment layout and furniture arrangement are identified as potential causes of falls. Older adults’ ‎perception of safety exhibits a distance-decay effect from their senior housing building. Distance decay indicates that safety is deemed highest closest to their homes and decreases as the distance increases. There are indications that older adults take longer routes and increase their mobility because they are fearful at certain spots in their neighbourhood. The thesis ‎concludes with a discussion of the results and implications for both research and policy making at the local and ‎county levels. ‎

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. 40 p.
Series
TRITA-SOM, ISSN 1653-6126 ; 2017-01
Keyword
Elderly, safe mobility, environment
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-207794 (URN)978-91-7729-394-1 (ISBN)978-91-7729-459-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-06-13, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Sing-Sing, floor 2, KTH Campus, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20170602

My doctoral project was funded byLars Erik LundbergScholarship Foundation.

Available from: 2017-05-24 Created: 2017-05-24 Last updated: 2017-07-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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