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Surface densification of acetylated wood
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Materials.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Materials. SP Tech Res Inst Sweden, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7014-6230
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Materials.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9156-3161
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2016 (English)In: European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, ISSN 0018-3768, E-ISSN 1436-736X, Vol. 74, no 6, 829-835 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The mechanical properties of wood can be improved by compressing its porous structure between heated metal plates. By adjusting the process parameters it is possible to target the densification only in the surface region of wood where the property improvements are mostly needed in applications, such as flooring. The compressed form is, however, sensitive to moisture and will recover to some extent in high humidity. In this study, therefore, acetylated radiata pine was utilised in the surface densification process in order to both reduce the set-recovery of densified wood and to improve the hardness of the acetylated wood. Pre-acetylation was found to significantly reduce the set-recovery of surface densified wood. However, after the second cycle the increase in set-recovery of acetylated wood was relatively higher than the un-acetylated wood. The acetylated samples were compressed by only 1 mm (instead of the target 2 mm), yet, the hardness and hardness recovery of the acetylated samples significantly increased as a result of densification. It was also discovered that rough (un-planed) surfaces may be surface densified, however, even if the surface became smooth to the touch, the appearance remained uneven.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016. Vol. 74, no 6, 829-835 p.
Keyword [en]
Acetylation, Densification, Hardness, Recovery, Acetylated wood, Densified wood, Mechanical properties of wood, Porous structures, Process parameters, Property improvement, Surface densification, Surface region, Wood
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-195233DOI: 10.1007/s00107-016-1077-3ISI: 000385208400005ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84976477767OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-195233DiVA: diva2:1047260
Note

QC 20161117

Available from: 2016-11-17 Created: 2016-11-02 Last updated: 2016-11-17Bibliographically approved

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Laine, KristiinaSegerholm, KristofferWålinder, Magnus
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