Precipitation behavior and its effects on tensile properties of FeCoNiCr high-entropy alloys
2016 (English)In: Intermetallics (Barking), ISSN 0966-9795, E-ISSN 1879-0216, Vol. 79, 41-52 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this work, we present a systematic study on the precipitation behavior and mechanical properties of a FeCoNiCr-based high-entropy alloy alloyed with dilute amounts of Ti and Al, (FeCoNiCr)(100-x-y)TixAly (where x = 1-3, y = 4-9 at.%). It was found that, upon aging, nano-sized L1(2)-Ni-3(Ti, Al) particles are formed within grains, whilst L2(1)-(Ni, Co)(2)TiAl Heusler particles are formed mainly along grain boundaries. The relative thermal stability of the two phases were studied at different aging temperatures (700-900 degrees C) with various durations of time (up to 48 h) and the results were directly compared with Thermo-talc calculations. Tensile tests were also conducted on alloys aged under different conditions. The measured properties, including strength and ductility, were correlated with the microstructure of aged (FeCoNiCr)(100-x-y)TixAly alloys, with particular attention on the distribution and morphology of the two kinds of precipitate. Whereas both phases could contribute to the strengthening of the alloys via either Orowan bowing or particle shearing mechanism, the brittle (Ni, Co)(2)TiAl Heusler phase was found to mainly affect the tensile plasticity. A simple composite model was proposed to describe the plastic strain of alloys. Based on observed microstructure and its corresponding mechanical performance, the alloy with the composition of (FeCoNiCr)(94)Ti2Al4, when aged between 700 and 800 degrees C, gives the best balanced strength/ductility properties.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 79, 41-52 p.
High-entropy alloys, Precipitation hardening, Strengthening mechanisms, Tensile behavior, Thermodynamic stability
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-196588DOI: 10.1016/j.intermet.2016.09.005ISI: 000386406400006ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84988489839OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-196588DiVA: diva2:1048240
QC 201611212016-11-212016-11-172016-11-21Bibliographically approved