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Aquifer heterogeneity controls on adverse human health effects and the concept of the hazard attenuation factor
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Land and Water Resources Engineering.
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2016 (English)In: Water resources research, ISSN 0043-1397, E-ISSN 1944-7973, Vol. 52, no 8, 5911-5922 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We analyze the probability distribution of the hazard attenuation factor for a noncarcinogenic reactive compound captured by a well in heterogeneous porous formations. The hazard attenuation factor is defined as the ratio between the hazard index HI at a detection well and at the source. Heterogeneity of the aquifer is represented through the multi-indicator model (a collection of blocks of independent permeability) while flow and transport are solved by the means of the self-consistent approach that is able to deal with any degree of heterogeneity. Due to formation heterogeneity, HI is a random variable and similar for hazard attenuation index. The latter can be fully characterized by its cumulative distribution function (CDF), which in turn can be related to the statistics of the travel time of solute particles, from the source to the detection well. The approach is applied to the case of a solute which undergoes decay and a well with a screen much smaller than the correlation scale of hydraulic conductivity. The results show that the probability of exceeding a given acceptable threshold of the hazard index is significantly affected by the level of heterogeneity comparable to the one observed for the MADE site, and the distance between the source and the well.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Publishing, 2016. Vol. 52, no 8, 5911-5922 p.
Keyword [en]
aquifer heterogeneity, stochastic hydrogeology, probabilistic risk analysis, human health risk, contaminant transport, uncertainty quantification
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-196455DOI: 10.1002/2016WR018933ISI: 000383684400011ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84988024932OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-196455DiVA: diva2:1049484
Note

QC 20161124

Available from: 2016-11-24 Created: 2016-11-14 Last updated: 2016-11-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf