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Is CPTED Useful to Guide the Inventory of Safety in Parks?: A Study Case in Stockholm, Sweden
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8525-3362
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5302-1698
2015 (English)In: International Criminal Justice Review, ISSN 1057-5677, E-ISSN 1556-3855, Vol. 26, no 2, 150-168 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) has long been suggested as a guideline for improving safety in neighborhoods. Yet, little is known about the application of CPTED to urban parks. The aim of this study is to evaluate the adequacy of CPTED principles in guiding the inventory of safety conditions of an urban park. The study begins with a review of the development of CPTED ideas and then focuses on the inspection of a park with a relatively high level of crime in the city of Stockholm, the capital of Sweden. Site observations, parks inspection, crime mapping of police-recorded data, and interviews with selected users and municipal stakeholders underpin the methodology used in this study. Findings indicate that design and management of the park affect the park’s safety conditions—attributes that are easily identifiable when using CPTED as guidance. The article concludes with several general lessons from using CPTED principles to inventory safety in parks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2015. Vol. 26, no 2, 150-168 p.
Keyword [en]
crime, green areas, perceived safety, physical environment, Sweden
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-194663DOI: 10.1177/1057567716639353Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84968782905OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-194663DiVA: diva2:1050424
Note

QC 20161129

Available from: 2016-11-29 Created: 2016-10-31 Last updated: 2017-11-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Park Matters:: Studies on Safety and Property Values
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Park Matters:: Studies on Safety and Property Values
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study develops a better understanding of the nature of urban parks from a safety perspective in two international contexts. To achieve this aim, the study is divided into two geographical scales (a macro scale and a micro scale) that test a set of quantitative and qualitative research methods. The macro-scale analysis provides an overall view of the effects of parks in the neighbourhood and at the city level. A particular focus is given to the impact of parks on housing prices. Overall, the findings show that parks function as an amenity that contributes to urban quality, which in turn influences property prices in Stockholm. However, this effect depends on a number of factors such as park type, location, and the level of safety and security of the parks. Safety also matters: Parks embedded in area with high-crime rates are less valued than in areas with low-crime rates. The micro-scale of study focuses on parks as a unit of analysis and looks at the environment of parks and how it triggers crime and affects people’s safety. The first analysis is based on whether—and, if so, how—park environments affect safety (crime occurrence) using the principles of crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) as an inventory tool in a park in an area with a high-crime rate in Stockholm, Sweden. Building on the methodology from the first study, the second study investigates the nature of women-only parks (WOPs) in Karachi, Pakistan, by looking at both the environment of the parks and the users’ and non-users’ perceptions of safety. Regardless of context, the findings show that the safety conditions of a park are highly associated with the park’s environment (design and management features). Of importance to park safety are park size in relation to the number of access routes (entrance and exit points), the opportunities for surveillance in relation to the maintenance and the lighting conditions in parks. A clear lesson is that a CPTED-informed park design promotes guardianship and therefore should be encouraged, regardless of whether it is located in Stockholm or Karachi. However, the urban context does matter to park safety conditions and is highly dependent on the local, city-wide, and national contexts in which the park is embedded.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. 90 p.
Series
TRITA-FOB, 2017:8
Keyword
Urban parks, safety, hedonic modelling, CPTED, and women-only parks
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Real Estate and Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-217537 (URN)978-91-85783-82-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-12-05, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 259-2012-1189
Note

QC 20171114

Available from: 2017-11-14 Created: 2017-11-14 Last updated: 2017-11-15Bibliographically approved

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