Estimating changes in transport CO2 emissions due to changes in weather and climate in Sweden
2016 (English)In: Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, ISSN 1361-9209, E-ISSN 1879-2340, Vol. 49, 172-187 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
There is a considerable body of studies on the relationship between daily transport activities and CO2 emissions. However, how these emissions vary in different weather conditions within and between the seasons of the year is largely unknown. Because individual activity–travel patterns are not static but vary in different weather conditions, it is immensely important to understand how CO2 emissions vary due to the change of weather. Using Swedish National Travel Survey data, with emission factors calculated through the European emission factor model ARTEMIS, this study is a first attempt to derive the amount of CO2 emission changes subject to the change of weather conditions. A series of econometric models was used to model travel behaviour variables that are crucial for influencing individual CO2 emissions. The marginal effects of weather variables on travel behaviour variables were derived. The results show an increase of individual CO2 emissions in a warmer climate and in more extreme temperature conditions, whereas increasing precipitation amounts and snow depths show limited effects on individual CO2 emissions. It is worth noting that the change in CO2 emissions in the scenario of a warmer climate and a more extreme temperature tends to be greater than the sum of changes in CO2 emissions in each individual scenario. Given that a warmer climate and more extreme weather could co-occur more frequently in the future, this result suggests even greater individual CO2 emissions than expected in such a future climate.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 49, 172-187 p.
CO2 emission, Emission factor, Weather and climate, Climate change, Meteorology, Transportation, Econometric model, Emission factor model, Emission factors, Extreme temperatures, Marginal effects, National travel surveys, Transport activity, Travel behaviour, Carbon dioxide
Transport Systems and Logistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-195190DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2016.09.004ISI: 000389390600013ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84988473735OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-195190DiVA: diva2:1051695
QC 210612022016-12-022016-11-022017-01-09Bibliographically approved