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New description of metastable hcp phase for unaries Fe and Mn: Coupling between first-principles calculations and CALPHAD modeling
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8493-9802
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2016 (English)In: Physica Status Solidi B, ISSN 1521-3951, no 9, 1830-1836 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The main focus in developing the third generation of CALPHADdatabases is to model thermodynamic properties of materialsby using models which are more physically based andvalid down to 0K. First-principles calculations are helpful tochoose and validate those models. Reliable calculation results,for example, at very low temperatures or on metastable systemsreveal physical facts which might be inaccessible by experiments.Following our earlierwork for modeling thermodynamicproperties of pure elements (i.e., Fe and Mn) in third-generationCALPHAD databases, the (hcp) phase was modeled as ametastable phase in the present work. Although hcp phase isjust observed in these two elements under ultra-high pressure, inthe binary Fe–Mn this phase is metastable at ambient temperaturesand pressures. Therefore, it should be properly modeled inunaries for later optimization of binary systems. Based on densityfunctional theory (DFT) calculations, the magnetic groundstate and the magnetic properties of -Fe, -Mn, and their binarysolution phase were calculated. It was found that -Fe is antiferromagnetic(type II) while -Mn has a paramagnetic groundstate. Accordingly, magnetic contributions to thermodynamicproperties were accurately modeled. Moreover, by means ofthe extrapolation of experimental data for the thermodynamicproperties of binary systems and high-pressure data for unaries,the metastable hcp phases at ambient pressure were modeledfor the third-generation CALPHAD database, consistently withother stable phases in the elements Fe and Mn.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2016. no 9, 1830-1836 p.
National Category
Physical Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-197630DOI: 10.1002/pssb.201600096ISI: 000383605400020ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84971233904OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-197630DiVA: diva2:1052230
Note

QC 20161207

Available from: 2016-12-05 Created: 2016-12-05 Last updated: 2016-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Bigdeli, SedighehEhtehsami, HosseinMao, HuahaiKorzhavyi, Pavel A.Selleby, Malin
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