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Integrated environmental assessment methods as a tool for sustainable design: some case studies
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering.
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2005. , ix, 55 p.
Series
Trita-BYMA, ISSN 0349-5752 ; 2005:1
Keyword [en]
buildings, building materials, integrated environmental assessment, life cycle assessment, service life prediction
National Category
Building Technologies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-405ISBN: 91-7178-133-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-405DiVA: diva2:10555
Public defence
2005-09-21, Sal E2, Lindstedtsvägen 5, Stockholm, 10:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100930Available from: 2005-09-07 Created: 2005-09-07 Last updated: 2010-09-30Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. LCA application to Russian conditions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>LCA application to Russian conditions
2002 (English)In: The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, ISSN 0948-3349, E-ISSN 1614-7502, Vol. 7, no 6, 349-357 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The environmental impact assessment existing in the Russian Federation at the present moment cannot provide potential scenarios of consequences for the environment from examined processes, since its goal is to calculate the money equivalent of emissions to the environment. Also, it cannot help the environmental specialist to choose the most environmentally sustainable scenario or process, proceeding from the whole life cycle of the object, because it is usually performed only for the use phase of an object.

This study also aims to show possibilities for applying LCA methodology, as accepted in the ISO standards series 14040, and as applied to Russian conditions. The main purpose was to investigate a possibility of using the existing environmental impact assessment as the inventory stage in the LCA. As the minor goal, normalisation and weighting factor data for the Russian Federation were calculated on the basis of energy consumption extrapolation.

In this paper, the environmental impacts are associated with a sewage wastewater facility. The inventory analysis is performed with data obtained from the MosvodokanalNIIproject (Moscow Research Institute for sewage wastewater treatment facilities) and supplemented with the SimaPro 5.0 database (the Netherlands). The environmental impact categories included and discussed in this study are eutrophication, global warming, landfill, acidification, ozone layer depletion and photochemical ozone creation. This study was performed for several design alternatives or scenarios of the wastewater facility. According to the LCA performed in this study, the most environmentally sustainable scenario is that which has the most effective and complicated treatment of sewage water and sludge.

Keyword
case studies, life cycle impact assessment, sewage wastewater treatment facility, normalisation factors, weighting factors, Russian Federation
National Category
Building Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5989 (URN)10.1065/lca2002.08.089 (DOI)000179695700005 ()
Note
QC 20100930Available from: 2005-09-07 Created: 2005-09-07 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
2. Integrated life-cycle design of coatings on exterior wood: Part 1: Service life planning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integrated life-cycle design of coatings on exterior wood: Part 1: Service life planning
2004 (English)In: Surface Coatings International Part B - Coatings Transactions, ISSN 1476-4865, E-ISSN 1742-0261, Surface coatings international Part. B, Vol. 87, no 2, 121-125 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, the statistical distribution of the reference service life of exterior wood coatings has been calculated for two coating systems: an alkyd oil and a solvent-borne alkyd (stain). The estimated service life has been evaluated, based on exposure tests and on the assessment of experts for another three coating systems (namely a solvent-borne alkyd coating, a water-borne acrylic coating, and a water-borne acrylic stain). It has been shown that the combination of a standard procedure for the measurement of cracking and statistical tools, such as reliability-based methodologies, for predicting the service life of coating systems gives more information regarding reference service life data than purely by a measurement of cracking.

Keyword
coating, exterior wood, outdoor exposure, reference service life, statistical evaluation
National Category
Building Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5990 (URN)000224553800008 ()2-s2.0-3142744603 (Scopus ID)
Note
QC 20100930Available from: 2005-09-07 Created: 2005-09-07 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
3. Integrated life-cycle design of coatings on exterior wood: Part 2: Life-cycle assessment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integrated life-cycle design of coatings on exterior wood: Part 2: Life-cycle assessment
2004 (English)In: Surface Coatings International Part B - Coatings Transactions, ISSN 1476-4865, E-ISSN 1742-0261, Vol. 87, no 3, 211-220 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study has shown that the environmental impact from the various studied coatings are the dependent criteria on their service lives. The dependence of these criteria has been studied with the help of the integrated design model, developed in this study especially for coatings on exterior wood.

The integrated design for the overall performance showed that the water-borne acrylic coating and the water-borne acrylic stain are the best choice as regards the environmental impact and durability of the coatings.

The discussed surface coating systems were a solvent-borne alkyd coating, a water-borne acrylic coating, a water-borne acrylic stain, a solvent-borne alkyd stain and alkyd oil.

Keyword
coatings, environmental impact, exterior wood, integrated design, life-cycle assessment (LCA), service life
National Category
Building Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5991 (URN)10.1007/BF02699637 (DOI)000224059900009 ()2-s2.0-4644336958 (Scopus ID)
Note
QC 20100930Available from: 2005-09-07 Created: 2005-09-07 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
4. A method for choosing sustainable exterior wood coatings in the design phase
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A method for choosing sustainable exterior wood coatings in the design phase
2005 (English)In: Surface Coatings International Part B - Coatings Transactions, ISSN 1476-4865, E-ISSN 1742-0261Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
National Category
Building Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5992 (URN)
Note

QS 20120316

Available from: 2005-09-07 Created: 2005-09-07 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
5. Application of workshop technique to sustainable design
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Application of workshop technique to sustainable design
2005 (English)In: the Proceedings of the SB05 Tokyo: Action for Sustainability - The 2005 World Sustainable Building Conference in Tokyo, Japan, 27 - 29 September 2005, 2005, 1157-1162 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

"Sustainability" is only one of the many new definitions in the coating industry over last decade, but one, which has the greatest potential to affect change. To achieve sustainable development we must consider all kind of coatings impact into the environment, including environmental economic and social load. This kind of conceptual thinking can be applied at any level and for any decision-making process. The workshop method, developed in this study, expedites the selection of coating during conceptual design by developing a set of expressions that relate coating technical performance indicators (colour change, flaking, etc.) to environmental and economic impacts. These performance-based relationships provide a common ground for choosing among similarly functioning coating systems and provide insight for minimizing the environmental burdens. This paper has also described the process of testing a workshop technique for involving stakeholders and decision makers in generating "sustainable design" for exterior wood coatings. In this sense, the workshop method developed in this study is a tool in this process. One important element in the process of policy formulation in any workshop method is procedural justice, which is based on the multiple criteria analysis here.

Keyword
Sustainable Construction, workshop technique, multiple criteria analysis, life cycle assessment, life cycle costing, service life prediction, coating on exterior wood
National Category
Building Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5993 (URN)
Conference
SB05 Tokyo: Action for Sustainability - The 2005 World Sustainable Building Conference in Tokyo, Japan, 27 - 29 September 2005
Note
NQCAvailable from: 2005-09-07 Created: 2005-09-07 Last updated: 2012-03-16Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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