Experiences of the development and use of scenarios for evaluating Swedish environmental quality objectives
2011 (English)In: Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, ISSN 0016-3287, E-ISSN 1873-6378, Vol. 43, no 4, 498-512 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper presents and evaluates a method for encouraging long-term thinking and for considering a variety of scenarios in environmental policy processes. The Swedish environmental policy is based on 16 environmental quality objectives (EQOs) that national authorities are obliged to observe. These objectives are reviewed annually and evaluated in depth every four years. Here we describe and explore a futures study project for introducing more long-term thinking into work on the EQOs, which we tested in the in-depth evaluation in 2008. We found it difficult to design a collective scenario for a case with a wide variety of objectives and individuals with different backgrounds. However, this difficulty makes it even more important to incorporate futures studies into the work of the relevant authorities. Scenario work is often subcontracted, leading to a constant lack of futures studies expertise and thinking within authorities. Despite the difficulties, we found that experts within the authorities did begin to recognise the opportunities provided by futures studies. The project revealed an interest and need for futures studies within the authorities in charge of Swedish environmental quality objectives and our findings show that the authorities need to build up their own skills in futures studies. Â© 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2011. Vol. 43, no 4, 498-512 p.
environmental planning; environmental policy; environmental quality; future prospect; planning method, Sweden
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-198135DOI: 10.1016/j.futures.2011.02.003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-79953164612OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-198135DiVA: diva2:1055734
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