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Study on the Effect of Aging on the Ability of Calcium Carbide for Hot Metal Desulfurization
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering. Eduardo Mondlane University, Mozambique.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering. (ENHETEN PROCESSER)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3548-8638
2016 (English)In: Steel Research International, ISSN 1611-3683, E-ISSN 1869-344X, Vol. 87, no 9, 1137-1143 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Industrial trials and laboratory study are carried out to investigate the effect of aging on the ability of CaC2 in hot metal desulfurization. The industrial trials indicate that the time of storage of calcium carbide within the limit of industrial practice has no appreciable effect on its ability of desulfurization. In the laboratory, samples of CaC2 are prepared by exposing them in air for different times to promote formation of a Ca(OH)(2) outer layer. The thickness of Ca(OH)(2) increases with exposing time. Thereafter, the aged CaC2 samples are employed for desulfurization at 1673 and 1773 K for 8 min. For all the samples after desulfurization, layers of graphite and CaO are found between the remaining CaC2 particles and the outer CaS layer. The desulfurization using CaC2 is found to proceed by the diffusion of calcium vapor through the product layers and then its reaction with dissolved sulfur in the hot metal at the surface. No appreciable difference in the thickness of the CaS layer is found with the samples exposed to air for different times. This finding explains well the industrial results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, 2016. Vol. 87, no 9, 1137-1143 p.
Keyword [en]
hot metal desulfurization, aged calcium carbide, CaS thickness, Ca(OH)(2) layer
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-196996DOI: 10.1002/srin.201500278ISI: 000387015500002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84945217201OAI: diva2:1055853

QC 20161213

Available from: 2016-12-13 Created: 2016-11-28 Last updated: 2016-12-13Bibliographically approved

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