Novel cycles using carbon dioxide as working fluid: new ways to utilize energy from low-grade heat sources
2006 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
This licentiate thesis proposes and analyzes three carbon dioxide novel cycles, namely: the carbon dioxide transcritical power cycle, the carbon dioxide Brayton cycle and the carbon dioxide cooling and power combined cycle. Due to the different characteristics of each cycle, the three cycles are suitable for different applications. The CO2 transcritical power cycle is suitable for harvesting energy from low-grade heat sources, near which a low temperature heat sink is accessible. The CO2 Brayton cycle is suitable for harvesting the energy from relatively high-grade heat sources when there is no low temperature heat sink available. The CO2 cooling and power combined cycle is suitable for applications, where both power and cooling are needed (e.g. automobile applications, in which the cycle can utilize the energy in the engine exhaust gasses to produce power and provide cooling/heating to the mobile compartment room at the same time).
Several models have been developed using the software known as Engineering Equation Solver (EES)1 for both cycle analysis and computer aided heat exchanger design. Different cycle working conditions have been simulated and different working parameters’ influence on the cycle performance has been explained. In addition, Refprop 7.02 is used for calculating the working fluid properties and the CFD tool Femlab has been employed to investigate the particular phenomena influencing the heat exchanger performance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2006. , viii, 87 p.
Trita-REFR, ISSN 1102-0245 ; 06:50
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4055ISBN: 91-7178-410-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4055DiVA: diva2:10578
2006-06-15, Sal MWL74, KTH, Brinellvägen 68, Stockholm, 10:00
Westermark, Mats, Professor
Lundqvist, Per Gunnar
QC 201011242006-06-162006-06-162010-11-24Bibliographically approved
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