Damage and Fracture Characterization of Asphalt Concrete Mixtures using the Equivalent Micro-crack Stress Approac
(English)In: Construction and Building Materials, ISSN 0950-0618, E-ISSN 1879-0526Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
In this paper, a new parameter termed ”equivalent micro-crack stress” (σmc) is proposed for characterizingthe cracking performance of asphalt mixtures. The ”equivalent micro-crack stress” (σmc) is a function ofthe material stiffness and a critical micro-crack initiation threshold (MCIT). The ”equivalent micro-crackstress” (σmc) takes a similar form as the failure stress obtained from the Griffith energy balance equation.The MCIT incorporates the influence of the fracture work and the size and spatial distribution of the airvoids in the determination of the material cracking performance. Experimental tests are carried out toobtain the (σmc) to characterize the cracking performance of unmodified and wax modified mixtures usingthe Superpave IDT tests at low temperature range (i.e. -20oC, -10oC and 0oC). The result shows that the ”equivalent micro-crack stress” (σmc) gives a good indication of the material cracking performance ofthe unmodified and wax modified mixtures. The result of numerical simulations of the fatigue behaviouralso shows that the relationship between the number of cycles to micro-crack formation (Nmc) and σmc can be used to distinguish the wax modified mixtures from the unmodified mixture.
equivalent micro-crack stress, micro-crack initiation threshold, fracture analysis, asphalt concrete, damage characterization
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-198661OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-198661DiVA: diva2:1057967
QS 2016122016-12-192016-12-192016-12-20Bibliographically approved