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IMPROVED SWEDISH ACCESSIBILITY: HINDERED BY A HOUSING IMBROGLIO
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Architectural Design. (Arc Plan Research group)
2016 (English)In: Nordisk arkitekturforskning, ISSN 1102-5824, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 9-32Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The quest to make Sweden accessible for all has a long tradition. Stemmingfrom initiatives of charitable organisations in the early 20th century,accessibility became a physical requirement through the Swedish buildingact of the 1960s. It promoted a type of physical barrier-free architecturefor the welfare state. The socio-political ambitions of the 1970s propelledSweden to become a world-leading nation in the creation of equalopportunities and social inclusion. Architectural design was expected tomeet the demands of people with cognitive, physical or sensory disabilitiesand, on signing the UN convention on equal rights for persons withdisabilities in 2007, existing legislative frameworks were complementedwith additional guidelines on removing physical barriers. By focusing onthe national tripartite definition of accessibility, Sweden has paid littleattention to the development of the universal design concept. Instead,accessibility has been associated with the elusive concept of usability inorder to promote a user-environment fit. Since 2013, the increasing shortageof housing in densely populated areas has impeded work to createan accessible and inclusive welfare state and has fostered the notionthat accessibility increases building costs. This study provides an overviewof the Swedish development of accessibility in order to promoteparticipation and social inclusion by removing physical barriers in thebuilt environment and introducing user-oriented assistive technologies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 2, no 2, p. 9-32
Keywords [en]
Swedish development, accessibility, usability, universal design, disability policy.
National Category
Architecture
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-199062OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-199062DiVA, id: diva2:1060147
Note

QC 20170109

Available from: 2016-12-27 Created: 2016-12-27 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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