A model of phosphofructokinase and glycolytic oscillations in the pancreatic beta-cell
2003 (English)In: Biophysical Journal, ISSN 0006-3495, E-ISSN 1542-0086, Vol. 85, no 1, 126--139 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have constructed a model of the upper part of the glycolysis in the pancreatic beta-cell. The model comprises the enzymatic reactions from glucokinase to glyceralclehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPD). Our results show, for a substantial part of the parameter space, an oscillatory behavior of the glycolysis for a large range of glucose concentrations. We show how the occurrence of oscillations depends on glucokinase, aldolase and/or GAPD activities, and how the oscillation period depends on the phosphofructokinase activity. We propose that the ratio of glucokinase and aldolase and/or GAPD activities are adequate as characteristics of the glucose responsiveness, rather than only the glucokinase activity. We also propose that the rapid equilibrium between different oligomeric forms of phosphofructokinase may reduce the oscillation period sensitivity to phosphofructokinase activity. Methodologically, we show that a satisfying description of phosphofructokinase kinetics can be achieved using the irreversible Hill equation with allosteric modifiers. We emphasize the use of parameter ranges rather than fixed values, and the use of operationally well-defined parameters in order for this methodology to be feasible. The theoretical results presented in this study apply to the study of insulin secretion mechanisms, since glycolytic oscillations have been proposed as a cause of oscillations in the ATP/ADP ratio which is linked to insulin secretion.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 85, no 1, 126--139 p.
RABBIT MUSCLE PHOSPHOFRUCTOKINASE; PURINE NUCLEOTIDE CYCLE; INSULIN-SECRETION; SKELETAL-MUSCLE; FRUCTOSE 2, 6-BISPHOSPHATE; GLUCOSE-METABOLISM; DIABETES-MELLITUS; KINETIC-BEHAVIOR; ESCHERICHIA-COLI; ALDOLASE-C
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6056ISI: 000183820600013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-6056DiVA: diva2:10650
QC 201008242005-09-072005-09-072010-08-24Bibliographically approved