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Cavity resonators and Alfven resonance cones observed on Freja
KTH. (Plasma Fysik)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5617-9765
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1997 (English)In: Journal of Geophysical Research - Space Physics, ISSN 2169-9380, E-ISSN 2169-9402, Vol. 102, no A2, p. 2565-2575Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Multiresolution wavelet analysis of magnetic field, electric field, and plasma density records taken on Freja during strong auroral events shows evidence for cavity Alfven resonators in the topside ionosphere. The cavity (or transverse) resonators consist of standing perpendicular wave modes which are trapped inside plasma cavities of different perpendicular scales. The smallest size cavities have perpendicular widths comparable to the electron skin depth, lambda(s) = 2 pi c/omega(pe), and are presumably associated with the resonance cones of Alfven waves launched by a magnetospheric source. The Alfven resonance cones (ARCs) carry intense field-aligned currents, support strong parallel electric fields and represent discharge and heating channels for auroral particles. We have made a detailed analysis of the electromagnetic properties of two singular auroral structures associated with ARCs. Field-aligned currents at the resonance structures reach intensities of 100-300 rho Am-2 in the upward and downward directions and are carried mainly by cold ionospheric plasma in both directions. The parallel electric field of ARCs is observed at amplitudes up to 100 mV/m, which is 2 orders of magnitude larger than expected for the unbounded Alfven waves. Field-aligned electron beams accelerated inside ARCs are observed to drive Langmuir waves with parallel electric field occasionally exceeding 1 V/m. One of the analyzed ARC structures has electromagnetic and particle properties characteristic of ''black aurora'' with electric field diverging from the center of the cavity; the other has converging electric field.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 102, no A2, p. 2565-2575
Keywords [en]
Field Line Resonances, Cold Inhomogeneous-Plasma, Low-Beta-Plasma, Auroral Arc, Wave-Propagation, Electric-Fields, Exact Equations, Magnetosphere, Ionosphere, Acceleration
National Category
Geophysics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-200090DOI: 10.1029/96JA03462ISI: A1997WF64800054Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-37149056619OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-200090DiVA, id: diva2:1067260
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QC 20170123

Available from: 2017-01-20 Created: 2017-01-20 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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Marklund, Göran T.Lindqvist, Per-Arne
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