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Quasi-Continuous Wave Near-Infrared Excitation of Upconversion Nanoparticles for Optogenetic Manipulation of C. elegans
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2016 (English)In: Small, ISSN 1613-6810, E-ISSN 1613-6829, Vol. 12, no 13, p. 1732-1743Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Optogenetics is an emerging powerful tool to investigate workings of the nervous system. However, the use of low tissue penetrating visible light limits its therapeutic potential. Employing deep penetrating near-infrared (NIR) light for optogenetics would be beneficial but it cannot be used directly. This issue can be tackled with upconversion nanoparticles (UCNs) acting as nanotransducers emitting at shorter wavelengths extending to the UV range upon NIR light excitation. Although attractive, implementation of such NIR-optogenetics is hindered by the low UCN emission intensity that necessitates high NIR excitation intensities, resulting in overheating issues. A novel quasi-continuous wave (quasi-CW) excitation approach is developed that significantly enhances multiphoton emissions from UCNs, and for the first time NIR light-triggered optogenetic manipulations are implemented in vitro and in C. elegans. The approach developed here enables the activation of channelrhodopsin-2 with a significantly lower excitation power and UCN concentration along with negligible phototoxicity as seen with CW excitation, paving the way for therapeutic optogenetics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 12, no 13, p. 1732-1743
Keywords [en]
nanoparticles, near-infrared, optogenetics, quasi-CW, upconversion
National Category
Nano Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-200126DOI: 10.1002/smll.201503792ISI: 000373733200009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84976240542OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-200126DiVA, id: diva2:1067574
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QC 20170123

Available from: 2017-01-22 Created: 2017-01-22 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textScopushttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smll.201503792
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