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Smart City Planning and Environmental Aspects?: Lessons from six cities
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms). KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms). KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5327-6535
2016 (English)In: Proceedings of ITC for Sustainability 2016, Atlantis Press , 2016, p. 159-166Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we explore some promising Smart Sustainable City initiatives and solutions in Amsterdam, Barcelona, San Francisco, Seoul, Shanghai and Vienna, with a focus on environmental aspects. These initiatives and solutions include implementations of smart sustainable city technologies, and municipal support for such implementations. We analyse these initiatives and solutions with respect to their potential for replacing or intensifying products/spaces/travels/transports, leaning processes and activities, or informing city inhabitants or visitors of better choices from an environmental perspective, as well as their connection with a number of smart city challenges. We also discuss some of the problems we have found in these initiatives and solutions, especially regarding risks of rebound effects. Finally, we formulate three lessons for smart sustainable city implementation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Atlantis Press , 2016. p. 159-166
Series
ACSR-Advances in Comptuer Science Research, ISSN 2352-538X ; 46
Keywords [en]
Smart sustainable city, City Management, Smart city services, Sustainability, Environment
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-200465ISI: 000390856600019ISBN: 978-94-6252-224-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-200465DiVA, id: diva2:1069199
Conference
4th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies for Sustainability (ICT4S), AUG 29-SEP 01, 2016, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Note

QC 20170127

Available from: 2017-01-27 Created: 2017-01-27 Last updated: 2018-03-02Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. How municipalities can work with digitalisation for environmental aims
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How municipalities can work with digitalisation for environmental aims
2018 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Humanity is facing big environmental challenges. Apart from the climate changes, there is also an ongoing depletion of the natural resources necessary for our survival in general, and for highly electronics-dependant lifestyles especially. At the same time, both urbanisation and digitalisation are progressing at a rapid pace. Digitalisation holds a potential to decrease environmental impact from cities and urban lifestyles, and many cities want to increase their use of digital technologies and services. This is often at least partially motivated by environmental concerns. In these cases, it is often the municipality that is responsible for strategies and support of increased digitalisation.

This dissertation places itself in the Smart Sustainable City field, but more specifically aims to support municipalities’ work with digitalisation for environmental goals. The results are structured around three parts. The first part accounts for six cities’ promising digital solutions with possible environmental benefits, and of possible digital tools to support two EU directives that can affect municipalities’ environmental work. The second part suggests how municipalities can work with digitalisation for environmental goals, and especially stresses evaluation and strategic investments. The third part looks at possible long-term societal changes in relation to digitalisation, and the risks with a city depending on electronics: It is important that a city can remain adequately functional, even in the case of a short- or long term shortage of resources and/or energy.

Finally, I discuss some of the uncertainties in digitalisation for environmental goals. There are uncertainties regarding digitalisation’s actual effects, which can make it harder to know what investments to make. Implementing digital technologies for municipal aims often demands cooperation between actors with different interests, but if the municipality relates its decision to environmental goals, it facilitates demanding that digital services and tools have environmental benefits.

Abstract [sv]

Mänskligheten står inför stora utmaningar på miljöområdet. Utöver klimatförändringar sker en utarmning av de naturresurser som krävs både för vår allmänna fortlevnad och för livsstilar med hög användning av elektronik. Samtidigt pågår både en snabb urbanisering och en snabb digitalisering. Digitaliseringen har potential för att minska miljöpåverkan från städer och urbana livsstilar, och många städer uttalar en vilja till ökat nyttjande av digitala tekniker och tjänster, oftast åtminstone delvis motiverat av omsorg om miljön. Ofta är det då kommunen som står för strategier och stöd för ökad digitalisering.

Den här avhandlingen placerar sig i det fält som berör den smarta hållbara staden, men syftar mer specifikt till att hjälpa kommuner i deras arbete med digitalisering för att nå miljömål. Avhandlingens resultat är uppdelade i tre delar. Den första delen redovisar några lovande digitala tjänster med möjliga miljöfördelar, respektive möjliga digitala stöd för två EU-direktiv som påverkar kommuners miljöarbete. Den andra delen ger förslag på hur kommuner kan lägga upp sin arbetsgång för att rikta digitaliseringsarbetet mer mot miljöfördelar och miljömål, och rekommenderar särskilt att följa upp arbetet med utvärderingar och mer strategiska investeringar. Den tredje delen går in på möjliga långsiktiga förändringar av samhället i relation till digitalisering, samt riskerna med att en stad blir beroende av elektronik: Det är viktigt att en stad kan bevara huvuddelen av sin funktionalitet, även vid kort- eller långvarig strypning av resurser och/eller energi.

Slutligen diskuterar jag något av osäkerheten i digitalisering för miljömål. Det finns stora osäkerheter kring vad de verkliga effekterna blir, vilket kan göra det svårt att veta vilka investeringar som ska göras. Att införa digitala tekniker och tjänster för att nå kommunala mål kräver samverkan från aktörer med olika intressen, men om kommunen tydligt kopplar till miljömål underlättar det för att kräva att de digitala tjänsterna och verktygen gör nytta på miljöområdet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2018. p. 25
Series
TRITA-ABE-DLT ; 181
Keywords
sustainability, municipalities, environmental aims, environmental goals, smart city, smart sustainable city, digitalisation, ICT4S
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-223749 (URN)978-91-7729-695-9 (ISBN)
Presentation
2018-03-26, L52, Drottning Kristinas väg 30, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
ICT for Urban Sustainability
Note

QC 20180302

Available from: 2018-03-02 Created: 2018-03-02 Last updated: 2018-03-02Bibliographically approved

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