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The kilometer tax and Swedish industry - effects on sectors and regions
2009 (English)In: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, E-ISSN 1466-4283, p. 2907-2917Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An introduction of a kilometer tax for heavy goods vehicles can be constrained by the risk of that higher production costs than competitors in other countries will negatively affect regions and industries of policy concern. We estimate factor demand elasticities in the Swedish manufacturing industry using firm level data for the 1990 to 2001 period on input prices and quantities. The results show that the introduction of a kilometer tax for heavy goods vehicles decreases transport demand and increases labour demand. The effects are less pronounced in terms of changes in output, though some industries (e. g. wood, pulp and paper) can be expected to be affected more than others due to their dependence on road freight transport. The regional dimension regarding the consequences of a kilometer tax seems to be small or even nonexisting.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2009. p. 2907-2917
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Transport Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-200563DOI: 10.1080/00036840802600608ISI: 000295688700005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-79960906809OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-200563DiVA, id: diva2:1069588
Note

QC 20170130

Available from: 2017-01-30 Created: 2017-01-30 Last updated: 2017-10-26Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Policy Analysis for Different Types of Decision-Making Situations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Policy Analysis for Different Types of Decision-Making Situations
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis seeks to contribute to decision support for policy makers in the transport sector. In order to frame the papers and to relate them to the broad field of “policy analysis”, I have structured the papers around a simple framework with three decision levels: responsibility, policy gap, and policy measure. The thesis contains five papers.

“Transaction and transition costs during the deregulation of the Swedish Railway market” is a paper in the transaction cost school. We studied the costs associated with the shift from monopoly to competition in the Swedish railway market, and we found that the change resulted in comparatively small transaction costs, but that transition and misalignment costs seem to be larger. 

In “Parking policy under strategic interaction”, I examined the effect of strategic interaction between jurisdictions using an analytical model based on Hotelling’s linear city model. I conclude that the procedure for setting supply in most municipalities has a strong downward effect on municipal parking fees and that resource flow competition implies that the fees are higher than the efficient prices (but that the effect of the supply procedures makes this effect incongruous).

In “Validation of aggregate reference forecasts for passenger transport”, we followed up the Swedish national forecasts for passenger transport produced from 1975 to 2009 and tried to explain the deviations. We found that the forecasts during the last decades have overestimated car traffic, and that this is due to input errors. The potential problem of using cross-sectional models for forecasting intertemporal changes seems to have been limited.

In “The kilometer tax and Swedish industry - effects on sectors and regions”, we estimated factor demand elasticities in the Swedish manufacturing industry and used these to analyze the effects of a kilometer tax for heavy goods vehicles. We found that the kilometer tax leads to factor substitution in that it decreases transport demand and increases labor demand. The effects on output are less pronounced.  

In “The effect of minimum parking requirements on the housing stock”, we used a model of the rental, asset, and construction markets. We quality-assured our assumptions and our results through interviews with market actors. In our example suburb, we found that parking norms reduced the housing stock by 1.2% and increased rents by 2.4%. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. p. 49
Keywords
transaction cost, transition cost, misalignment, parking policy, strategic interaction, spillover, resource flow, reference forecast, kilometer tax, minimum parking requirements
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Transport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-216974 (URN)978-91-88537-04-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-11-17, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Transport AdministrationSwedish Environmental Protection Agency
Note

QC 20171026

Available from: 2017-10-26 Created: 2017-10-26 Last updated: 2017-10-31Bibliographically approved

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