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Pre-test analysis for identification of natural circulation instabilties in TALL-3D facility
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Power Safety.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Power Safety.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5653-9206
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Power Safety.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Power Safety.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0683-9136
2017 (English)In: Nuclear Engineering and Design, ISSN 0029-5493, Vol. 314, p. 110-120Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

TALL-3D facility is a lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) thermal-hydraulic loop designed to provide experimental data on thermal-hydraulics phenomena for validation of stand-alone and coupled System Thermal Hydraulics (STH) and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) codes. Pre-test analysis is crucial for proper choice of experimental conditions at which the experimental data would be most useful for code validation and benchmarking. The goal of this work is to identify these conditions at which the experiment is challenging for the STH codes yet minimizes the 3D-effects from the test section on the loop dynamics. The analysis is focused on the identification of limit cycle flow oscillations in the TALL-3D facility main heater leg using a global optimum search tool GA-NPO to find a general region in the parameter space where oscillatory behavior is expected. As a second step a grid study is conducted outlining the boundaries between different stability modes. Phenomena, simulation results and methodology for selection of the test parameters are discussed in detail and recommendations for experiments are provided.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 314, p. 110-120
Keywords [en]
Codes (symbols), Hydraulics, Three term control systems, Computational Fluid Dynamics codes, Experimental conditions, Lead-bismuth eutectics, Natural circulation, Oscillatory behaviors, Parameter spaces, Pre-test analysis, Thermal hydraulics
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-200857DOI: 10.1016/j.nucengdes.2017.01.011ISI: 000396947800009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85010376003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-200857DiVA, id: diva2:1071165
Note

QC 20170203

Available from: 2017-02-03 Created: 2017-02-03 Last updated: 2018-05-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Application of a system thermal-hydraulics code to development of validation process for coupled STH-CFD codes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Application of a system thermal-hydraulics code to development of validation process for coupled STH-CFD codes
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Generation IV reactors are designed to provide sustainable energy generation, minimize waste production and excel in safety. Due to lack of operational experience, ever evolving design and stringent safety requirements, these novel reactors have to rely heavily on simulations.

Best estimate one-dimensional (1D) system thermal-hydraulics (STH) codes, originally intended for simulating water-cooled reactor systems with high coolant mass flow rates, are unable to capture complex three-dimensional (3D) phenomena in liquid metal cooled pool-type reactors. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes are capable of resolving the 3D effects, however applying these methods with high resolution for the whole primary system results in prohibiting computational cost.

At the same time, there are system components where flow can, with reasonable accuracy, be approximated with 1D models (e.g. core channels, some heat exchangers, etc.). One of the proposed solutions in order to achieve adequate accuracy and affordable computational efficiency in modelling of a Generation IV reactor is to divide the primary system into 1D and 3D regions and apply coupled STH and CFD codes on the respective sub-domains.

Successful validation is a prerequisite for application of both, standalone and coupled STH and CFD codes in design and safety analysis of Generation IV systems. In this work we develop and apply different aspects of code validation methodology with an emphasis on (i) STH code analysis in support of validation experiment design (facility and test conditions), (ii) calibration of uncertain code input parameters and validation of standalone STH code, (iii) development of an approach to couple STH and CFD codes.

A considerable part of the thesis work is related to the development of a loop-type, 3 leg, liquid metal experimental facility TALL-3D for code validation. Particular focus was on identification of test conditions featuring complex feedbacks between 1D-3D phenomena, which can be challenging for the codes. Standalone STH code (RELAP5) was validated against experimental data. The domain of natural circulation instabilities in TALL-3D operation parameters was discovered using a validated STH code and global optimum search algorithms. Then existence of growing natural circulation oscillations was experimentally confirmed. An international benchmark was initiated in the framework of EU SESAME project based on the obtained experimental data.

Simulations were performed to define dimensions and location of a new test section for coolant solidification experiments that would also enhance possibilities for studying natural circulation instabilities in the future tests.

An approach to automated input calibration and code validation is developed in order to minimize possible “user effect” in case of multiple uncertain input parameters (UIPs) and system response quantities (SRQs). These methods were applied extensively in the development of RELAP5 input models and identification of the natural circulation instability regions.

Domain overlapping approach to coupling of RELAP5 and Star-CCM+ codes was proposed and resulted in considerable improvement of the predictive capabilities in comparison to standalone RELAP5.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2018. p. 68
Series
TRITA-SCI-FOU ; 2018:10
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-228332 (URN)978-91-7729-727-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-06-07, FB52, AlbaNova University Center, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20180522

Available from: 2018-05-22 Created: 2018-05-22 Last updated: 2018-05-22Bibliographically approved

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