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Residual stress state induced by High Frequency Mechanical Impact Treatment in different steel grades -numerical and experimental study
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4180-4710
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, ISSN 0020-7403, E-ISSN 1879-2162, Vol. 123, p. 34-42Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

High frequency mechanical impact treatment is observed to increase the fatigue strength of welded joints. This technique induces compressive residual stresses, increases the local hardness, and reduces the stress concentration by modifying the weld toe radius. The goal of this study was to investigate residual stresses induced by ultrasonic impact treatment in S355, S700MC, and S960 grades steel experimentally and numerically. Plate specimens were manufactured and treated with different treatment intensities i.e. vibration amplitudes of the Sonotrode. The indentation depths were measured by the aid of a laser scanner and residual stresses using X-ray diffraction technique. The effect of steel grade and treatment intensity on the induced compressive residual stress state was firstly studied experimentally. In addition, displacement controlled simulations were carried out to estimate the local residual stress condition considering the effect of different material models. Both the numerically estimated and experimentally measured residual stresses were qualitatively in good agreement. Residual stress state in S355 and S700MC can be estimated well using combined strain rate dependent material model. No significant effect of the treatment intensity is observed on the indentation depth and residual stress state for S355 grade steel. The indentation depth decreases with the increase in the yield strength of the steel.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 123, p. 34-42
Keywords [en]
Residual stress state; HFMI; Steel; X-ray diffraction; Finite element analysis; Fatigue strength
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-200920DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmecsci.2017.01.027ISI: 000397695700003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85011102713OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-200920DiVA, id: diva2:1071553
Note

QC 20170206

Available from: 2017-02-05 Created: 2017-02-05 Last updated: 2017-04-28Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Static and fatigue analyses of welded steel structures: some aspects towards lightweight design
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Static and fatigue analyses of welded steel structures: some aspects towards lightweight design
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The objectives of this thesis comprise of overcoming the challenges in designing lightweight welded structures such as material selection, choice of fatigue design methods, and increased performance by using improvement techniques. Material selection of welded joints is dependent on the filler and base material strengths. Partially and fully penetrated cruciform and butt welded joints were designed in under-matching, matching, and over-matching filler materials. Base material steel grades were S600MC, S700MC, and S960. Current design rules are developed for welds in steel up to yield strength of 700MPa. Therefore, design rules in Eurocode3, AWS d1.1, and BSK 07 were verified and recommendations for developing design rules for designing welded joints in S960 were concluded. Numerical methodology for estimating static strength of welded joints by simulating heat affected zone was also developed.

Another objective of the thesis work was to overcome the challenges in selection of fatigue design methods. The available design curves in standards are developed for uniaxial stress states, however, in real life the welds in mechanical structures are subjected to complex multiaxial stress states. Furthermore; weld toe failures are frequently investigated, weld root failures are seldom investigated. Therefore, in this work the multiaxial fatigue strength of welded joints failing at the weld root was assessed using experiments and various nominal and local stress based approaches. Butt welded joints with different weld seam inclinations with respect to applied uniaxial loading were designed to assess the root fatigue strength in higher multiaxial stress ratio regime. The fatigue strength of multi-pass tube-to-plate welded joints subjected to internal pressure only and combined internal pressure and torsion in and 90° out of phase loading was also investigated. Test data generated in this thesis was evaluated together with the test data collected from literature.

Last objective of the thesis included investigation of the increased performance in fatigue strength by post weld treatment methods such as HFMI. The behavior of residual stresses induced due to HFMI treatment during fatigue loading is studied. Numerical residual stress estimations and residual stress relaxation models are developed and the effect of various HFMI treatment process parameters and steel grade on the induced residual stress state is investigated. Specimens studied were non load carrying longitudinal attachments and simple plates. Residual stresses in both test specimens were measured using X-ray diffraction technique.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH School of engineering sciences, 2017. p. 33
Series
TRITA-AVE, ISSN 1651-7660 ; 2017:04
Keywords
Fatigue strength, welded joints, static strength, high strength steel
National Category
Vehicle Engineering Aerospace Engineering
Research subject
Vehicle and Maritime Engineering; Aerospace Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-200829 (URN)978-91-7729-270-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-04-07, Sal F3, Lindstedsvägen 26, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20170206

Available from: 2017-02-06 Created: 2017-02-03 Last updated: 2017-02-06Bibliographically approved

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