Surface Forces Measurements of Spin-Coated Cellulose Thin Films with Different Crystallinity
2006 (English)In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 22, no 7, 3154-3160 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A systematic study of the surface forces between a cellulose sphere and cellulose thin films of varying crystallinity has been conducted as a function of ionic strength and pH. Semicrystalline cellulose II surfaces and amorphous cellulose films were prepared by spin-coating of the precursor cellulose solutions onto oxidized silicon wafers before regeneration in water. Crystalline cellulose I surfaces were prepared by spin-coating wafers with aqueous suspensions of sulfate-stabilized cellulose I nanocrystals. These preparation methods produced thin, smooth films suitable for surface forces measurements. The interaction with the cellulose I was monotonically repulsive at pH 3.5, 5.8, and 8.5 and at 0.1, 1, and 10 mM ionic strengths. This was attributed to the presence of strongly ionizable sulfur-containing groups on the cellulose nanocrystal surfaces. The amorphous film typically showed a steric interaction up to 100 nm away from the interface that was independent of the solution conditions. A range of surface forces were successfully measured on the semicrystalline cellulose II films; attractive and repulsive regimes were observed, depending on pH and ionic strength, and were interpreted in terms of van der Waals and electrostatic interactions. Clearly, the forces acting near cellulose surfaces are very dependent on the way the cellulose surface has been prepared.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 22, no 7, 3154-3160 p.
COLLOIDAL PROBE MICROSCOPY, MODEL FILMS, IONIC-STRENGTH, I SURFACES;, POLYELECTROLYTE, ELECTROLYTE, SUSPENSIONS, FIBERS, SILICA, MICA
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6121DOI: 10.1021/la052886wISI: 000236843300040ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33645546475OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-6121DiVA: diva2:10740
QC 201009302006-09-142006-09-142012-10-02Bibliographically approved