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Quantification of Emissions for non-road Machinery in Earthwork: Modeling and Simulation Approaches
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering.
2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Earthwork, as an essential part of almost all heavy construction projects, is an energy consuming procedure and pollution source for both transport and construction sectors. Due to the increasing need and interest to achieve sustainable development in construction, the evaluation of emission and energy impact in earthwork is of high importance for improving the environmental sustainability. This paper proposes an approach to estimate emissions and fuel usage of construction equipment by using experimental data collected from a project mainly carried out in China. In the experiment, emissions and operational parameters of two loaders and two hauler trucks were measured and analyzed. Based on the power efficiency and other factors, different operation cycles are defined for wheel loader and trucks in the real measurement. Then, through establishing an estimation approach, the emission and fuel rates for different operational cycles are finally calculated. The results show that there are remarkable differences for emissions under different working conditions. In order to evaluate and reduce the emissions and fuel values of the whole earthwork project, a discrete-event simulation (DES) is developed and employed to simulate the earthwork scenarios in a detailed case study. The model provides a basis for the integration of the emission calculation with earthwork simulation. During the evaluation, an alternative plan has been proposed and analyzed for lowering the environmental impacts of the earthmoving operations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Transportation Research Board (TRB) , 2017.
National Category
Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology Transport Systems and Logistics Vehicle Engineering
Research subject
Transport Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-202014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-202014DiVA, id: diva2:1074960
Conference
Transportation Research Board (TRB) 96th Annual Meeting
Projects
Volvo Construction Climate Challenge (CCC)
Note

QC 20170221

Available from: 2017-02-16 Created: 2017-02-16 Last updated: 2017-02-21Bibliographically approved

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Hong, BeichuanMa, Xiaoliang

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf