A comprehensive study of resistor-loaded planar dipole antennas for ground penetrating radar applications
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Ground penetrating radar (GPR) systems are increasingly being used for the detection and location of buried objects within the upper regions of the earth’s surface. The antenna is the most critical component of such a system. This thesis presents a comprehensive study of resistor-loaded planar dipole antennas for GPR applications using both theory and experiments. The theoretical analysis is performed using the finite difference time domain (FDTD) technique.
The analysis starts with the most popular planar dipole, the bow-tie. A parametric study is done to find out how the flare angle, length, and lumped resistors of the antenna should be selected to achieve broadband properties and good target detection with less clutter. The screening of the antenna and the position of transmitting and receiving antennas with respect to each other and ground surface are also studied. A number of other planar geometrical shapes are considered and compared with the bow-tie in order to find what geometrical shape gives the best performance. The FDTD simulations are carried out for both lossless and lossy, dispersive grounds. Also simulations are carried out including surface roughness and natural clutter like rocks and twigs to make the modeling more realistic.
Finally, a pair of resistor-loaded bow-tie antennas is constructed and both indoor and outdoor measurements are carried out to validate the simulation results.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2006. , xii, 54 p.
Trita-EE, ISSN 1653-5146 ; 2006:033
Ground penetrating radar, buried object detection, dipole antennas, FDTD methods, broadband properties, baluns, simulation, optimal design, lossy media, dispersive media, clutter.
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4110ISBN: 91-7178-426-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4110DiVA: diva2:10778
2006-10-06, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Breinbjerg, Olav, Professor
QC 201009232006-09-212006-09-212012-10-02Bibliographically approved
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