Genotoxicity of TiO2 nanoparticles assessed by mini-gel comet assay and micronucleus scoring with flow cytometry
2017 (English)In: Mutagenesis, ISSN 0267-8357, E-ISSN 1464-3804, Vol. 32, no 1, 127-137 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The widespread production and use of nanoparticles calls for faster and more reliable methods to assess their safety. The main aim of this study was to investigate the genotoxicity of three reference TiO2 nanomaterials (NM) within the frame of the FP7-NANoREG project, with a particular focus on testing the applicability of mini-gel comet assay and micronucleus (MN) scoring by flow cytometry. BEAS-2B cells cultured under serum-free conditions were exposed to NM100 (anatase, 50-150 nm), NM101 (anatase, 5-8 nm) and NM103 (rutile, 20-28 nm) for 3, 24 or 48 h mainly at concentrations 1-30 μg/ml. In the mini-gel comet assay (eight gels per slide), we included analysis of (i) DNA strand breaks, (ii) oxidised bases (Fpg-sensitive sites) and (iii) light-induced DNA damage due to photocatalytic activity. Furthermore, MN assays were used and we compared the results of more high-throughput MN scoring with flow cytometry to that of cytokinesis-block MN cytome assay scored manually using a microscope. Various methods were used to assess cytotoxic effects and the results showed in general no or low effects at the doses tested. A weak genotoxic effect of the tested TiO2 materials was observed with an induction of oxidised bases for all three materials of which NM100 was the most potent. When the comet slides were briefly exposed to lab light, a clear induction of DNA strand breaks was observed for the anatase materials, but not for the rutile. This highlights the risk of false positives when testing photocatalytically active materials if light is not properly avoided. A slight increase in MN formation for NM103 was observed in the different MN assays at the lower doses tested (1 and 5 μg/ml). We conclude that mini-gel comet assay and MN scoring using flow cytometry successfully can be used to efficiently study cytotoxic and genotoxic properties of nanoparticles.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2017. Vol. 32, no 1, 127-137 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-202252DOI: 10.1093/mutage/gew030ScopusID: 2-s2.0-85007438928OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-202252DiVA: diva2:1078662
Correspondence Address: Karlsson, H.L.; Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Nobels väg 13, Sweden; email: Hanna.L.Karlsson@ki.se. QC 201703062017-03-062017-03-062017-03-06Bibliographically approved