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Economic performance of photovoltaic water pumping systems with business model innovation in China
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE). Ningbo RX New Materials Technology Co., China.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE). Ningbo RX New Materials Technology Co., China; China University of Geosciences, China.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology. Mälardalen University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0300-0762
2017 (English)In: Energy Conversion and Management, ISSN 0196-8904, E-ISSN 1879-2227, Vol. 133, 498-510 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Expansion by photovoltaic (PV) technologies in the renewable energy market requires exploring added value integrated with business model innovation. In recent years, a pilot trial of PV water pumping (PVWP) technologies for the conservation of grassland and farmland has been conducted in China. In this paper, we studied the added value of the PVWP technologies with an emphasis on the integration of the value proposition with the operation system and customer segmentation. Using the widely used existing PV business models (PV-roof) as a reference, we evaluated discounted cash flow (DCF) and net present value (NPV) under the scenarios of traditional PV roof, PVWP pilot, PVWP scale-up, and PVWP social network, where further added value via social network was included in the business model. The results show that the integrated PVWP system with social network products significantly improves the performance in areas such as the discounted payback period, internal rate of return (IRR), and return on investment (ROI). We conclude that scenario PVWP social network with business model innovation, can result in value add-ins, new sources of revenue, and market incentives. The paper also suggests that current policy incentives for PV industry are not efficient due to a limited source of revenue, and complex procedures of feed-in tariff verification.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 133, 498-510 p.
Keyword [en]
Business model innovation, China, Discounted cash flow, Economic performance, Photovoltaic water pumping system, Commerce, Complex networks, Conservation, Earnings, Economics, Investments, Pumping plants, Pumps, Roofs, Photovoltaic water pumping, Innovation
National Category
Energy Engineering Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-201945DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2016.10.069ISI: 000392678900040Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85006293755OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-201945DiVA: diva2:1079185
Note

Funding text: One of the authors, Chi Zhang, would like to thank the China Scholarship Council (CSC) and Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Sweden, for their financial support. National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (No. 2015AA050403) is also acknowledged. Previous studies on PVWP were supported by the Asian Development Bank, Swedish International development Agency (SIDA), and the Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth (Swedish: Tillväxtverket).

QC 20170307

Available from: 2017-03-07 Created: 2017-03-07 Last updated: 2017-03-07Bibliographically approved

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