Epidermal growth factor (EGF) withdrawal masks gene expression differences in the study of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) activation of primary neural stem cell proliferation
2005 (English)In: BMC neuroscience (Online), ISSN 1471-2202, Vol. 6, 55- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: The recently discovered adult neural stem cells, which maintain continuous generation of new neuronal and glial cells throughout adulthood, are a promising and expandable source of cells for use in cell replacement therapies within the central nervous system. These cells could either be induced to proliferate and differentiate endogenously, or expanded and differentiated in culture before being transplanted into the damaged site of the brain. In order to achieve these goals effective strategies to isolate, expand and differentiate neural stem cells into the desired specific phenotypes must be developed. However, little is known as yet about the factors and mechanisms influencing these processes. It has recently been reported that pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) promotes neural stem cell proliferation both in vivo and in vitro.
Results: We used cDNA microarrays with the aim of analysing the transcriptional changes underlying PACAP induced proliferation of neural stem cells. The primary neural stem/progenitor cells used were neurospheres, generated from the lateral ventricle wall of the adult mouse brain. The results were compared to both differentiation and proliferation controls, which revealed an unexpected and significant differential expression relating to withdrawal of epidermal growth factor (EGF) from the neurosphere growth medium. The effect of EGF removal was so pronounced that it masked the changes in gene expression patterns produced by the addition of PACAP.
Conclusion: Experimental models aiming at transcriptional analysis of induced proliferation in primary neural stem cells need to take into consideration the significant effect on transcription caused by removal of EGF. Alternatively, EGF-free culture conditions need to be developed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 6, 55- p.
CENTRAL-NERVOUS-SYSTEM, ADULT-MOUSE BRAIN, PARKINSONS-DISEASE, MICROARRAY DATA, DENTATE GYRUS, DIFFERENTIATION, TRANSPLANTATION, AMPLIFICATION, PROGENITORS, NEURONS
Other Industrial Biotechnology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6168DOI: 10.1186/1471-2202-6-55ISI: 000231880900001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-26444590557OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-6168DiVA: diva2:10800
QC 201009142006-09-222006-09-222010-10-06Bibliographically approved