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Perspektiv på tjugotalet
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.
2017 (Swedish)In: Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-3609, E-ISSN 1651-2294, SKON 1297326Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Med utgångspunkt i diskussioner kring (fasad)dekoration som fördes under tidigt 1900-tal och med fyra fasader från den svenska tjugotalsarkitekturen som exempel vill jag i denna artikel formulera ett perspektiv på perioden som i dekorationen ser spår av ett problematiserande av det historiska formspråket och som ser dekorationen som del av en förhandling med samtiden. I vad som förefaller ett mycket homogent forskningsfält har perioden länge tolkats utifrån samma ramar, med klassicismen som huvudtema. Jag vill här också söka en tolkning av och ett sätt att skriva om denna arkitektur som inte har klassicismen som ett dominerande perspektiv. Diskussionen av fasaddekorationerna leder således också in i frågan om hur perioden har tolkats hittills och vilka möjligheter som finns för forskningsfältet att utvecklas. Sammanlagt vill jag vidga perspektivet på periodens arkitektur genom att visa att tjugotalets fasaddekorationer också kan ses som uttryck för kritik, distansering eller som ett brott med historien. Det framstår ett perspektiv som snarare uppmärksammar det brustna än det enhetliga och som även uppmärksammar en relation till det populärkulturella och den moderna staden.

Abstract [en]

With a point of departure in discussions about (facade)decorations in the early 20th century and with four facades from the Swedish architecture of the 1920s as my examples, I want to formulate a conception of the Swedish architecture of the period 1910–30 that in decoration sees traces of a problematizing of the historic elements and that sees the decoration as part of a negotiation with the present. In a research field that seems to be quite consistent in its approaches to the subject, the period has mostly been approached from a constant set of interpretational frameworks, with classicism as a main theme. I want to explore alternative ways to approach the period, where classicism does not have that prominent role. The discussion of the façade decoration thus also leads into a discussion of how the period has been looked at previously and how the research field could develop. An important point in my argument is the notion of brokenness, which is central for the 1920s. Thus, I look at the façade decorations in the context of contemporary discussions that question the use of historic material in this period. I want to broaden the interpretation of the period by showing that the façade decorations also can be seen as an expression of a distancing and of a broken relation to history. Further, the decorations may have a rather critical than confirming function, a thought expressed in the idea of a Statsuwandel of decoration. All in all this is a perspective that rather acknowledges brokenness than unity and that also sees the architecture of the period 1910–30 closer to the popular culture and the modern city.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017. SKON 1297326
Keyword [sv]
nordisk klassicism
National Category
Architecture
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-202971DOI: 10.1080/00233609.2017.1297326OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-202971DiVA: diva2:1080304
Note

QC 20170314

Available from: 2017-03-09 Created: 2017-03-09 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00233609.2017.1297326

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