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Effect of different bearing models on gear mesh loss and efficiency
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Tribologi.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2347-8379
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Tribologi.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Tribologi.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2489-0688
(English)In: Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-202986OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-202986DiVA, id: diva2:1080668
Note

QC 20140314

Available from: 2017-03-10 Created: 2017-03-10 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. An experimental investigation of spur gear efficiency and temperature: A comparison between ground and superfinished surfaces
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An experimental investigation of spur gear efficiency and temperature: A comparison between ground and superfinished surfaces
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis focuses on reliability when testing gear efficiency and on how gear mesh efficiency can be increased without detrimental effects on the gears. Test equipment commonly used in gear research was analysed to identify important parameters for gear efficiency testing. The effect of the bearing model's load-dependent losses on gear mesh efficiency was also investigated. Two different surface finishes of gears, ground and superfinished, were investigated to determine how two different load levels during running-in affect gear mesh efficiency and changes in surface roughness. Efficiency and gear temperature were also measured for ground and superfinished gears with dip lubrication, as well as two different forms of spray lubrication (before and after gear mesh contact).

Tests on a gear test rig, showed that different assemblies of the same test setup can yield different measurements of torque loss. The applied bearing model had a significant effect on the estimated gear mesh efficiency. The mesh efficiency of ground gears is affected by the running-in procedure, with a higher running-in load resulting in a higher mesh efficiency than a lower load. This effect was not seen for superfinished gears, which show the same gear mesh efficiency for both running-in loads. Gearbox efficiency increased with spray lubrication rather than dip lubrication. The gear mesh efficiency increased, and thus gear temperatures were reduced, when superfinished gears were used rather than ground gears. A lower gear temperature was measured when gears were spray lubricated at the mesh inlet rather than the mesh outlet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. p. 51
Series
TRITA-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 2017:02
Keywords
gears, ground, superfinished, efficiency, temperature, running-in, dip lubrication, spray lubrication
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-202990 (URN)
Public defence
2017-03-31, Gladan, Brinellvägen 85, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20170314

Available from: 2017-03-14 Created: 2017-03-10 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
2. Running-in of gears - surface and efficiency transformation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Running-in of gears - surface and efficiency transformation
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

With ever shorter development times and market demands on overall system performance such as efficiency, reliability and low maintenance, accurate predictive tools are necessary and gear drives prove to be no exception. All these characteristics have an impact on a process which has remained a riddle: running-in. Even though no consensus on a definition of this phenomena is readily available, this thesis examines efficiency, surface roughness and simulation through the optics of running-in.

Geared transmissions are known for their formidable efficiency and their extreme reliability. However, with an ever increasing power density, the ability to accurately predict mesh losses becomes of utmost importance. The accurate quantification of bearing losses as well as efficiency of ground and superfinished gears under dip lubrication are examined with respect to running-in. Results show a considerable influence on the calculation of gear mesh losses originating from which bearing loss model is chosen. Furthermore, when a larger running-in load is used on ground gears, an increase in efficiency can be observed during working operation, while for superfinished no significant changes are found. These efficiency/frictional changes are also shown to occur in the initial cycles of the running-in phase.

From a surface transformation point of view running-in is shown to be a reduction of asperity tips in case hardened ground gears, while in superfinished gears no changes were seen. These gear surface changes were measured with a novel method with a surface profilometer in-situ before, after running-in and after efficiency testing. Results also show that such changes in ground gear roughness profile occur during the very initial cycles.

In order to predict running-in, a simulation method was developed. Such method utilizes a 2D surface integral method to simulate contact between rough surfaces, but requires the use of surface hardness and an accurate lower cutoff wavelength. This cutoff wavelength proved to play a pivotal role in determining an accurate contact pressure at the proper level of granularity, hence a well defined real contact area. The predicted and measured run-in surfaces are compared and are found to be in accordance with each other.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. p. 77
Series
TRITA-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 2017:12
Keywords
running-in, surface transformation, efficiency, gears, ground, superfinished
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-214983 (URN)978-91-7729-520-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-11-17, Gladan, Brinellvägen 83, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20170928

Available from: 2017-09-28 Created: 2017-09-27 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved

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Sosa, MarioAndersson, MartinOlofsson, Ulf

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Citation style
  • apa
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