Design of an integrated biomass gasification and proton exchange membrane fuel cell system under self-sustainable conditions: Process modification and heat-exchanger network synthesis
2017 (English)In: International journal of hydrogen energy, ISSN 0360-3199, E-ISSN 1879-3487, Vol. 42, no 1, 448-458 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The design and analysis of an integrated biomass gasification and PEMFC system to generate heat and power demand for residential applications are presented in this study. Two biomass gasification configurations using sawdust as a feedstock are considered: air steam biomass gasification (AS-BG-PEMFC) and steam-only biomass gasification (SO-BG-PEMFC). The biomass processing consists of a biomass gasification which is used to produce H-2-rich gas (syngas), followed by high- and low-temperature shift reactors and a preferential oxidation reactor. Pinch analysis is performed to evaluate and design a heat-exchanger network in the two biomass gasification systems. The remaining useful heat is recovered and employed for a reactant preparation step and for a heating utility system in a household. The simulation results indicate that the SO-BG-PEMFC generates syngas with a greater H2 content than the AS-BG-PEMFC, resulting in higher fuel processor and electric efficiencies. However, the AS-BG-PEMFC provides a higher thermal efficiency because a high temperature gaseous product is obtained, and more energy is thereby recovered to the system. The total heat and power efficiencies of the AS-BG-PEMFC and the SO-BG-PEMFC are 83% and 70%, respectively. The Sankey diagram of energy flows reveals that the performance improvement depends entirely on the utilization of useful energy in the exhaust gas.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 42, no 1, 448-458 p.
Biomass gasification, PEMFC, Heat exchanger network design, Energy efficiency
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-203838DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.12.027ISI: 000394634900041ScopusID: 2-s2.0-85009412369OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-203838DiVA: diva2:1083178
QC 201703202017-03-202017-03-202017-03-20Bibliographically approved