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Promoting planning for housing development: What can Sweden learn from Germany?
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8036-2161
2017 (English)In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 64, 470-478 p., 0264-8377Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the years 2006–2014, urban planning reform was seen as the major remedy against housing shortagein Sweden. The present government has the continuation of such reform on its agenda, but as of yet has made no proposals; instead, other housing policy measures have been introduced.In light of the uncertainty as to the future course of urban planning reform, possible future steps can be discussed. This article accordingly investigates whether German urban planning law and implementation could provide interesting reference points for discussion of further urban planning reform in Sweden,and if so, what parts of the German experience should be the center of attention.The article covers three aspects of German planning that influence the uncertainty, duration, and cost of residential planning as well as social goals addressed through planning: planning law, focusing on facilitated planning procedures of German planning law, measures taken in the organization of plan-ning authorities to make development planning more efficient, and planning-related city demands for affordable housing.The conclusions encompass proposals for the further reform of the Swedish planning process in the form of a facilitated and accelerated development planning procedure for housing projects, as well as the introduction of private initiative in development planning. Further improvements to the organization and incentives of planning authorities are proposed. More research is required into municipal demands for affordable housing in the form of inclusionary zoning; such research should draw on the extensive international experience of such zoning, relating it to a Swedish pilot project.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 64, 470-478 p., 0264-8377
Keyword [en]
Housing shortage, Housing policy, Urban planning law, Urban planning reform, Planning process
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Real Estate and Construction Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-204915DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.03.012ISI: 000405881100042Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85016435763OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-204915DiVA: diva2:1086831
Projects
Institutional prerequisites for affordable housing development: A comparative study of Germany and Sweden
Funder
SBUF - Sveriges Byggindustriers Utvecklingsfond
Note

QC 20170419

Available from: 2017-04-04 Created: 2017-04-04 Last updated: 2017-09-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Institutional prerequisites for affordable housing development: A comparative study of Germany and Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Institutional prerequisites for affordable housing development: A comparative study of Germany and Sweden
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis was written against the background of intense public debate on increasing housing shortages and housing policy reform in Germany and Sweden. Potential reforms to increase housing development volumes, especially in the affordable segment, are analysed using theories of institutional change with focus on urban planning, building law and housing policy. The instruments analysed are divided into measures intended to increase housing supply elasticity and targeted affordable housing measures.

 

Three measures intended to increase housing supply elasticity that could be transferable to Sweden are identified: 1) Development planning could be reformed through facilitated procedures, the introduction of private initiative in planning and new incentives of planning authorities. 2) The planning and building legislation could be reformed to facilitate building approvals in relation to serial housing construction, which in turn could increase the number of affordable homes being built. 3) City housing policy could promote housing development through more intense use of the policy instruments of organisation, urban planning, municipal land and subsidies, with city organisation and political attention to housing markets being identified as crucial.

 

However, effectively targeted affordable housing policies are difficult to implement under the current Swedish housing policy regime. In the short term, Swedish housing policy should therefore concentrate on housing supply elasticity-enhancing measures. However, considering the increasing pressure on the affordable housing supply and future expected demographic changes, public discussion of potential future solutions would be valuable. A first step would be to compile housing statistics such that the affordable housing shortage and the opportunities to design effective measures to counter it could be better understood.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. 70 p.
Series
TRITA-FOB-DT-2017:6
Keyword
affordable housing, housing policy, urban planning, building law, institutional change
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Real Estate and Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-213672 (URN)978-91-85783-80-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-10-26, E3, Osquars Backe 14, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
SBUF - Sveriges Byggindustriers Utvecklingsfond, 13228
Note

QC 20170905

Available from: 2017-09-05 Created: 2017-09-04 Last updated: 2017-09-05Bibliographically approved

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