Alpha/Beta T-Cell Depleted Grafts as an Immunological Booster to Treat Graft Failure after Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation with HLA-Matched Related and Unrelated Donors
2014 (English)In: Journal of Immunology Research, ISSN 2314-8861, E-ISSN 2314-7156Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is associated with several complications and risk factors, for example, graft versus host disease (GVHD), viral infections, relapse, and graft rejection. While high levels of CD3+ cells in grafts can contribute to GVHD, they also promote the graft versus leukemia (GVL) effect. Infusions of extra lymphocytes from the original stem cell donor can be used as a treatment after transplantation for relapse or poor immune reconstitution but also they increase the risk for GVHD. In peripheral blood, 95% of T-cells express the alpha beta T-cell receptor and the remaining T-cells express the gamma delta. T-cell receptor. As alpha beta T-cells are the primary mediators of GVHD, depleting them from the graft should reduce this risk. In this pilot study, five patients transplanted with HLA-matched related and unrelated donors were treated with alpha beta T-cell depleted stem cell boosts. The majority of gamma delta T-cells in the grafts expressed V delta 2 and/or V gamma 9. Most patients receiving alpha beta-depleted stem cell boosts increased their levels of white blood cells, platelets, and/or granulocytes 30 days after infusion. No signs of GVHD or other side effects were detected. A larger pool of patients with longer follow-up time is needed to confirm the data in this study.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2014.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-205247DOI: 10.1155/2014/578741ISI: 000344678700001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84908327982OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-205247DiVA: diva2:1088070
QC 201704192017-04-112017-04-112017-04-19Bibliographically approved