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Effective measures to decrease air contaminants through risk and control visualization - A study of the effective use of QR codes to facilitate safety training
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
2016 (English)In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 82, 120-128 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Woodworking industries still consists of wood dust problems. Young workers are especially vulnerable to safety risks. To reduce risks, it is important to change attitudes and increase knowledge about safety. Safety training have shown to establish positive attitudes towards safety among employees. The aim of current study is to analyze the effect of QR codes that link to Picture Mix EXposure (PIMEX) videos by analyzing attitudes to this safety training method and safety in student responses. Safety training videos were used in upper secondary school handicraft programs to demonstrate wood dust risks and methods to decrease exposure to wood dust. A preliminary study was conducted to investigate improvement of safety training in two schools in preparation for the main study that investigated a safety training method in three schools. In the preliminary study the PIMEX method was first used in which students were filmed while wood dust exposure was measured and subsequently displayed on a computer screen in real time. Before and after the filming, teachers, students, and researchers together analyzed wood dust risks and effective measures to reduce exposure to them. For the main study, QR codes linked to PIMEX videos were attached at wood processing machines. Subsequent interviews showed that this safety training method enables students in an early stage of their life to learn about risks and safety measures to control wood dust exposure. The new combination of methods can create awareness, change attitudes and motivation among students to work more frequently to reduce wood dust.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV , 2016. Vol. 82, 120-128 p.
Keyword [en]
Safety training, Safety attitude, Wood dust, QR code, PIMEX, Woodworking industry
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-206492DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2015.09.011ISI: 000366766800012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-206492DiVA: diva2:1092845
Note

QC 20170504

Available from: 2017-05-04 Created: 2017-05-04 Last updated: 2017-05-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Training measures and technologies for air contaminant risks
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Training measures and technologies for air contaminant risks
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Abstract

As air contaminants continue to pose a problem in organizations, more studies are needed to identify and reduce employees’ exposure to air contaminants. Limited research proposes methods for managing air contaminants, especially with focus on reducing exposure by improving safety behavior, safety knowledge, safety attitudes and safety motivation among employees in the workplace, by, for instance, using safety training.The aim of this thesis is to develop existing safety measures and analyze new measures for reducing air contaminants in typical industrial work situations by focusing on human aspects, such as safety attitudes and safety motivation. This is carried out by studying safety attitudes, safety motivation, and safety training in relation to air contaminant safety in current Swedish organizations by means of questionnaires, interviews, reviews of research, as well as the exposure monitoring method, PIMEX. This thesis comprises four papers.

 

Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Luftföroreningar fortsätter att utgöra ett problem i organisationer. Fler studier behövs för att identifiera och minska exponering hos arbetare för luftföroreningar. För närvarande finns begränsat med forskning som är fokuserat på metoder för att hantera luftföroreningar, särskilt med fokus på att minska exponering genom att ändra beteenden, attityder, kunskap och motivation som relateras tillarbetsmiljöfrågor, genom exempelvis utbildning. Syftet med denna avhandling är att utveckla befintliga arbetsmiljöåtgärderoch analysera nya metoder för att hantera exponering i arbetssituationer där luftföroreningar finns. Detta görs genom att studera arbetsmiljöattityder, arbetsmiljömotivation och arbetsmiljöutbildningar som är relaterade till luftföroreningar i svenska organisationer. Attityder, motivation, utbildning och kontrollmetoder för att minska risker i form av luftföroreningar studeras med hjälp av enkäter, intervjuer, tidigare forskning och PIMEX-metoden. Avhandlingen består av 4 delarbeten/Papers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: -, 2017. 75 p.
Keyword
Arbetsmiljö, Attityd, Motivation, Utbildning
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Industrial Engineering and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-206466 (URN)978-91-7729-395-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-06-15, SAL F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH,, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
Spetsprojektet
Funder
AFA Insurance
Note

QC 20170504

Available from: 2017-05-04 Created: 2017-05-03 Last updated: 2017-05-04Bibliographically approved

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