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Numerical Study on the Effect of Lambda Value (Oxygen/Fuel Ratio) on Temperature Distribution and Efficiency of a Flameless Oxyfuel Combustion System
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM). Ovako Sweden AB, Sweden.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
2017 (English)In: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 10, no 3, 338Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The flameless oxyfuel combustion technology has been proven to be a promising new method to reduce the fuel consumption and pollutants in industrial applications. Although this technology is widely used in industrial furnaces, a lack of understanding exists about the effect of the controlling parameters on the final operational conditions is tangible. In this study, a validated computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model is used to simulate six cases of flameless oxyfuel combustion burners with different lambda values (ratio of oxygen/fuel mass flow rates). The CFD model uses the steady laminar flamelet model (SLFM) to solve the probability density function (PDF) for combustion, the discreet ordinates (DO) radiation model with the weighted sum of the gray gases model (WSGGM) to solve radiation, and the realizable k-epsilon to model the turbulence. It is seen that an increased oxygen injection velocity due to an increased lambda value increases the exhaust losses, but produces a larger volumetric flame. This leads to a more uniform temperature distribution. The total temperature difference in a case with a value of 1.02 is reported to be 272 (14.9%), while the amount for a case with a value of 1.2 is 67 (4.7%). This effect is further explained by introducing a new definition value for the furnace efficiency that includes both the thermal and production losses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG , 2017. Vol. 10, no 3, 338
Keyword [en]
computational fluid dynamics (CFD), flameless oxyfuel, combustion, lambda value, soaking pit furnace
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-206299DOI: 10.3390/en10030338ISI: 000398736700078OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-206299DiVA: diva2:1093391
Note

QC 20170505

Available from: 2017-05-05 Created: 2017-05-05 Last updated: 2017-05-05Bibliographically approved

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Ghadamgahi, MersedehAndersson, Nils A. I.Jonsson, Pär
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