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Duration, Pitch, and Loudness in Kunqu Opera Stage Speech
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH.
2017 (English)In: Journal of Voice, ISSN 0892-1997, E-ISSN 1873-4588, Vol. 31, no 2, UNSP 255.e1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives. Kunqu is a special type of opera within the Chinese tradition with 600 years of history. In it, stage speech is used for the spoken dialogue. It is performed in Ming Dynasty's mandarin language and is a much more dominant part of the play than singing. Stage speech deviates considerably from normal conversational speech with respect to duration, loudness and pitch. This paper compares these properties in stage speech conversational speech. Method. A famous, highly experienced female singer's performed stage speech and reading of the same lyrics in a conversational speech mode. Clear differences are found. Results. As compared with conversational speech, stage speech had longer word and sentence duration and word duration was less variable. Average sound level was 16 dB higher. Also mean fundamental frequency was considerably higher and more varied. Within sentences, both loudness and fundamental frequency tended to vary according to a low-high-low pattern. Conclusions. Some of the findings fail to support current opinions regarding the characteristics of stage speech, and in this sense the study demonstrates the relevance of objective measurements in descriptions of vocal styles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MOSBY-ELSEVIER , 2017. Vol. 31, no 2, UNSP 255.e1
Keyword [en]
Kunqu opera, Stage speech, Conversational speech
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Language Technology (Computational Linguistics)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-205514DOI: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2016.06.014ISI: 000397918800056PubMedID: 27545077ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84995975260OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-205514DiVA: diva2:1094613
Note

QC 20170509

Available from: 2017-05-10 Created: 2017-05-10 Last updated: 2017-05-10Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf