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Steady-shear and viscoelastic properties of cellulose nanofibril-nanoclay dispersions
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Cellulose (London), ISSN 0969-0239, E-ISSN 1572-882X, Vol. 24, no 4, 1815-1824 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We have investigated the steady-shear and viscoelastic properties of composite dispersions of cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) with medium or high charge density and two different nanoclays, viz. rodlike sepiolite or plate-like bentonite. Aqueous dispersions of CNFs with medium charge density displayed significantly lower steady-state viscosity and storage modulus but higher gelation threshold compared with CNFs with high charge density. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) results showed that the apparent hydrodynamic radius of bentonite particles increased when CNFs were added, implying that CNFs adsorbed onto the amphoteric edges of the plate-like bentonite particles. The sepiolite network in CNF-sepiolite dispersions was relatively unaffected by addition of small amounts of CNFs, and DLS showed that the hydrodynamic radius of sepiolite did not change when CNFs were added. Addition of CNFs at concentrations above the gelation threshold resulted in drastic decrease of the steady-shear viscosity of the sepiolite dispersion, suggesting that the sepiolite network disintegrates and the rod-like clay particles are aligned also at low shear rate. The relative change in the rheological properties of the clay-based dispersions was always greater on addition of CNFs with high compared with medium charge density. This study provides insight into how the rheology of CNF-nanoclay dispersions depends on both the nanoclay morphology and the interactions between the nanoclay and nanocellulose particles, being of relevance to processing of nanocellulose-clay composites.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2017. Vol. 24, no 4, 1815-1824 p.
Keyword [en]
Cellulose nanofibrils, Nanocellulose dispersions, Bentonite, Sepiolite, Viscoelasticity
National Category
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-206263DOI: 10.1007/s10570-017-1211-3ISI: 000396789100017Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85011850448OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-206263DiVA: diva2:1095259
Note

QC 20170512

Available from: 2017-05-12 Created: 2017-05-12 Last updated: 2017-06-30Bibliographically approved

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Liu, Yingxin
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
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