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Innovation Processes and Environmental Planning: Science and Technology Policies in a Regional Context
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE).
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

The understanding of environmental change and how it is influenced by innovation processes and advances in science and technology is multifaceted given the inherent uncertainty of the pace and direction of technology change, but also given the limits to anticipate future environmental effects of new technology.

The doctoral thesis is organised in two parts. The covering essay constitutes the first part and is aimed at introducing the scope of the research; outlining theoretical perspectives and central concepts and positioning the research to other research studies. Reprints of the six papers included in the thesis comprise the second part of the thesis.

The first aim of this doctoral thesis is to contribute to an increased understanding of the conditions for environmental policy and planning through innovation, science policy and technological change. Particular attention is paid to the institutional frameworks for policy processes, public-private interactive policy and strategic planning with futures studies. The second aim is to explore and analyse approaches applied for assessing the output, impact and structure of science in the area of strategic environmental research. This includes an examination of research assessment criteria and an analysis of knowledge networks in strategic environmental research, characterised by socio-economic expectations of generating innovations that benefit the environment through the industrial application of science. Four types of environmental planning are studied using a combined qualitative and quantitative research approach. These are corporate environmental planning, public environmental planning, strategic long-term planning, and strategic science planning targeting advances in science and technology to attain environmental objectives.

The findings of the study show that institutional frameworks of science and technology policy affecting environmental planning are found in organisational forms, such as science parks, but also in institutions understood as values and norms of the science system. With an increased focus on assessment of research as well as future technology, the findings of the study also contributes by examining approaches applied for assessing the output, structure and impact of research, using bibliometrics and social network analysis in the area of strategic environmental research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2005. , x, 64 p.
Series
Trita-INFRA, ISSN 1651-0216 ; 05:021
Keyword [en]
Innovation, environmental planning, science and technology parks, strategic environmental research, environmental procurement, futures studies
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-416ISBN: 91-7323-127-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-416DiVA: diva2:10977
Public defence
2005-09-23, L1, Drottning Kristinas väg 30, Stockholm, 10:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20101027Available from: 2005-09-13 Created: 2005-09-13 Last updated: 2010-10-27Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Science and technology parks and the integration of environmental policy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Science and technology parks and the integration of environmental policy
2004 (English)In: Innovation, ISSN 1447-9338, Vol. 6, no 2, 294-305 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper addresses processes of integration of environmental policy in science and technology parks (S&T parks). Drivers for environmental policy integration in two S&T park districts are explored in the framework of environmental policy opportunities, i.e. what opportunities of environmental policy integration that arise given characteristic features of the parks, such as spatial proximity, stakeholder interaction, and the park's role in regional innovation policy. The study focuses on ICT-companies and the environmental policy opportunities arising from vertical and horizontal interaction in the park context. Rather than assuming interaction by virtue of geographic proximity, the study shows that knowledge exchange on environmental aspects to some extent is localised within the park by exchange of best practices among individual firms as well by guidelines implemented at a park level. However, drivers promoting environmental management in ICT-companies are identified both at the firm level as well as in environmental regulation and customer demands.

Keyword
science and technology parks, environmental policy integration, horizontal and vertical interaction, ICT-companies, proximity, stakeholders, regulation, customer demand
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6294 (URN)
Note
QC 20101026Available from: 2005-09-13 Created: 2005-09-13 Last updated: 2010-10-27Bibliographically approved
2. Corporate environmental strategies and education
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Corporate environmental strategies and education
2005 (English)In: Environmental Education Research, ISSN 1350-4622, E-ISSN 1469-5871Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6295 (URN)
Note
QS 2010 QS 20120319Available from: 2005-09-13 Created: 2005-09-13 Last updated: 2012-03-19Bibliographically approved
3. Planning for ecological food and sustainable construction
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Planning for ecological food and sustainable construction
(English)In: Planning Theory & Practice, ISSN 1464-9357, E-ISSN 1470-000XArticle in journal (Other academic) Submitted
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6296 (URN)
Note

QCR 20161212

Available from: 2005-09-13 Created: 2005-09-13 Last updated: 2016-12-12Bibliographically approved
4. Technological innovation and transformation perspectives in environmental futures studies for transport and mobility
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Technological innovation and transformation perspectives in environmental futures studies for transport and mobility
2007 (English)In: International Journal of Foresight and Innovation Policy, ISSN 1740-2816, Vol. 3, no 1, 95-115 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Futures studies such as technology foresight and backcasting are concerned with changes in society and technological transformation in a long-term perspective, but are also recognising the importance of today's choices in technology on future modes of production and consumption. Strategic planning and Technology Assessment (TA) are two areas where futures studies are used to explore alternative future scenarios in order to support decision-making processes. Hence, it is of importance to get a thorough understanding of assumptions made about environmental effects from new technology and drivers for change in futures studies. In this paper technological innovation and transformation perspectives in environmental futures studies are analysed. The aim is to explore the different roles of technology change in the development towards more environmentally sustainable transport in the future.

Keyword
Constructive Technology Assessment, CTA, Environmental futures studies, Scenarios, Sustainable transport and mobility
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6297 (URN)10.1504/IJFIP.2007.011437 (DOI)2-s2.0-34548573381 (Scopus ID)
Note

Uppdaterad från submitted till published: 20101027. QC 20101027

Available from: 2005-09-13 Created: 2005-09-13 Last updated: 2013-12-09Bibliographically approved
5. Research assessment criteria and university-industry links in the social contract of applicable science: Experiences from funding of biomedical science andstrategic environmental research in Sweden and the UK
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Research assessment criteria and university-industry links in the social contract of applicable science: Experiences from funding of biomedical science andstrategic environmental research in Sweden and the UK
2003 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper is concerned with research assessment procedures adopted by funding agents that target research with industrial applications and close links to socio-economic goals. The funding bodies of research are confronted with a ‘cry for applicability’ although it is argued that research and innovation are highly uncertain activities where all applications of science cannot be foreseen. This paper argues that analysis research funding with a strong rationale for ‘applicable’ science (such as private non-profit and strategic research foundations) can contribute to an improved understanding of university-industry relations in research. The aim of this study is to address what characterises the research assessment criteria used by funding agents that target research with industrial application and close links to socio-economic goals.Special attention is paid to university-industry links in the social contract for ‘applicable’science in Sweden and the UK. Case studies from research funding in biomedical science and strategic environmental research are selected to address the assessment procedures and criteria that research-funding organisations use to assess prospects of successful application of science. A typology addressing views on university-industry relations is used to characterise the case studies. The study shows that the foundations and trusts are attributing value to university-industry interaction in research. Promotion of such links is focusing on aspects ofhuman resources, best practices and intellectual property in targeting socio-economic goals.

National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6298 (URN)
Conference
Conference in honour of Keith Pavitt what do we know about innovation? organised by SPRU – science and technology policy research, University of Sussex, England, 13-15th november 2003.
Note
QC 20101027Available from: 2005-09-13 Created: 2005-09-13 Last updated: 2010-10-27Bibliographically approved
6. Knowledge hubs and co-authorship networks in development of nanostructures solar cell technology.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Knowledge hubs and co-authorship networks in development of nanostructures solar cell technology.
2005 (English)In: Innovation Dynamic Regions and Regional Dynamics. / [ed] Karlsson, C., Stough, R., Andersson, Å..E. and Cheshire, P., Heidelberg: Springer Verlag , 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Heidelberg: Springer Verlag, 2005
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6299 (URN)
Note
QC 20101027Available from: 2005-09-13 Created: 2005-09-13 Last updated: 2010-10-27Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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Output format
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