Defined protein-free NS0 myeloma cell cultures: stimulation of proloferation by conditioned medium factors
2005 (English)In: Biotechnology progress (Print), ISSN 8756-7938, E-ISSN 1520-6033, Vol. 21, no 1, 87-95 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A chemically defined, protein-free, and animal-component-free medium, designated RITM01, has been developed for NS0 myeloma cells. The basal medium used was a commercial serum-free and protein-free hybridoma medium, which was supplemented with phosphatidylcholine, cholesterol, β-cyclodextrin, and ferric citrate. Increasing the amino acid concentration significantly improved cell growth. An NS0 cell line, constitutively producing a human IgG1 antibody, reached a peak cell density of 3 × 106 cells mL -1 in this medium. The antibody yield was 195 mg L-1 in batch culture, which is a 3-fold increase compared to that of a standard serum-supplemented medium, even though the cell yield was the same. The increase in antibody yield was a consequence of a longer growth phase and a slight increase in specific antibody production rate at low specific proliferation rates. Adaptation of the NS0 myeloma cell line to the protein-free conditions required about 3 weeks before viability and cell densities were stabilized. Most probably, changes in gene expression and phenotypic behavior necessary for cell survival and proliferation occurred. We hypothesize that mitogenic factors produced by the cells themselves are involved in autocrine control of proliferation. To investigate the presence of such factors, the effect of conditioned (spent) medium (CM) on cell growth and proliferation was studied. Ten-fold concentrated CM, harvested at a cell density of 2 × 10 6 cells mL-1, had a clear positive effect on proliferation even if supplied at only 2.5% (v/v). CM was found to contain significant amounts of extracellular proteins other than the antibody. Fractionation of CM on a gel filtration column and subsequent supplementation of new NS0 cultures with the individual fractions showed that factors eluting at 20-25 kDa decreased the lag phase and increased the peak cell density as compared to control cultures. Identification of autocrine factors involved in regulation of proliferation may lead to completely new strategies for control of growth and product formation in animal cell processes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 21, no 1, 87-95 p.
Antibodies, Cell culture, Growth kinetics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6312DOI: 10.1021/bp049822gISI: 000226934800012ScopusID: 2-s2.0-13544262478OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-6312DiVA: diva2:10992
QC 201009072006-11-012006-11-012010-09-07Bibliographically approved