Numerical studies of current profile control in the reversed-field pinch
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
The Reversed-Field Pinch (RFP) is one of the major alternatives for realizing energy production from thermonuclear fusion. Compared to alternative configurations (such as the tokamak and the stellarator) it has some advantages that suggest that an RFP reactor may be more economic. However, the conventional RFP is flawed with anomalously large energy and particle transport (which leads to unacceptably low energy confinement) due to a phenomenon called the "RFP dynam".
The dynamo is driven by the gradient in the plasma current in the plasma core, and it has been shown that flattening of the plasma current profile quenches the dynamo and increases confinement. Various forms of current profile control schemes have been developed and tested in both numerical simulations and experiments.
In this thesis an automatic current profile control routine has been developed for the three-dimensional, non-linear resistive magnetohydrodynamic computer code DEBSP. The routine utilizes active feedback of the dynamo associated fluctuating electric field, and is optimized for replacing it with an externally supplied field while maintaining field reversal. By introducing a semi-automatic feedback scheme, the number of free parameters is reduced, making a parameter scan feasible. A scaling study was performed and scaling laws for the confinement of the advanced RFP (an RFP with enhanced confinement due to current profile control) have been obtained.
The conclusions from this research project are that energy confinement is enhanced substantially in the advanced RFP and that poloidal beta values are possible beyond the previous theoretical limit beta βΘ < ½. Scalings toward the reactor regime indicate strongly enhanced confinement as compared to conventional RFP scenarios, but the question of reactor viability remains open.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2006. , 52 p.
Trita-EE, ISSN 1653-5146 ; 2006:053
Reversed-Field Pinch, RFP, Current Profile Control, CPC, DEBS, DEBSP, active control, feedback, MHD.
Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4167ISBN: 91-7178-500-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4167DiVA: diva2:11022
2006-11-30, Kollegiesalen (F3), Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 10:00
Paccagnella, Roberto, Dr
QC 201011012006-11-132006-11-132010-11-01Bibliographically approved
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