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Developing tools for sustainability management in the graphic arts industry
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Graphic Arts, Media (closed 20111231).
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

The main aim of this thesis is to develop and test industry-specific, applied work procedures and tools for environmental and emerging sustainability work in the graphic arts industry. This includes methods to quantify, follow-up, evaluate, manage, improve and communicate the environmental performance of activities in the graphic arts supply chain and printed products.

In order to achieve the aims of the thesis, a selection of work areas were chosen as the basis for developing the industry-specific work procedures and tools. The selected work areas are the following: environmental management (being a part of sustainability management), environmental and sustainability strategies, environmental indicators and design for environment (DfE).

The research presented in this thesis was based on survey research methods, case studies and multi-company studies. Within the framework of these methods, quantitative and qualitative techniques for data gathering were used. The companies included in the studies were selected according to their willingness, interest and motivation to participate and develop their environmental or sustainability work.

The most significant results of the research presented in this thesis regarding the selected work areas are the following:

• An evaluation of early certified environmental management systems (EMSs) in Sweden identified four areas as priorities in making the EMSs more efficient. Two of them, viz. improvement in the follow-up of environmental work, and the linking of EMSs to product design, were developed for the graphic arts industry. The remaining two areas were clarifying the identification process and assessment of environmental aspects, and streamlining and co-ordinating different management systems.

• An established and successfully tested working method for formulating and realising corporate sustainability strategies in the graphic arts industry.

• Industry-specific environmental indicator models for the graphic arts industry with defined methods for standardised inventorying and calculations. These models have been tested, used and approved of by the industry itself.

• Collected and compiled data for the developed environmental indicator models. Data have been collected from quite a large number of companies (10-20 companies for each of the printing techniques covered, i.e. coldset offset, heatset offset and gravure) over a period of several years.

• The use of the industry-specific environmental indicator models was developed and illustrated.

• A described and recommended work procedure for DfE in graphic arts companies including industry-specific tools for applying DfE to printed products, in the form of a manual and a checklist. The checklist was designed so that it can serve as a simple tool for the environmental assessment of printed products. The tools were tested by graphic arts companies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2006. , 131 p.
Series
TRITA-CSC-A, ISSN 1653-5723 ; 2006:19
Keyword [en]
graphic arts industry, printing industry, environmental management, sustainability strategy, environmental indicators, design for environment, eco-design.
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4169ISBN: 91-7178-476-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4169DiVA: diva2:11035
Public defence
2006-11-24, Sal F3, KTH, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 13:30
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20110124

Available from: 2006-11-14 Created: 2006-11-14 Last updated: 2016-12-21Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Environmental Management Systems – Paper tiger or powerful tool
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental Management Systems – Paper tiger or powerful tool
2000 (English)In: Conference Proceedings of the 2000 Eco-Management and Auditing Conference, 2000, 81-92 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-25883 (URN)
Conference
2000 Eco-Management and Auditing Conference. June 2000. University of Manchester. UK
Note
QC 20101103Available from: 2010-11-03 Created: 2010-11-03 Last updated: 2010-11-03Bibliographically approved
2. Environmental indicators in the graphic arts industry
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental indicators in the graphic arts industry
2000 (English)In: Advances in Printing Science and Technology, ISSN 0065-3209, Vol. 26, 337-356 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6342 (URN)
Note
QC 20110124Available from: 2006-11-14 Created: 2006-11-14 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
3. Promoting sustainability using business specific indicators
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Promoting sustainability using business specific indicators
2001 (English)In: Conference Proceedings of the 2001 Eco-Management and Auditing Conference, Nijmegen School of Management, The Netherlands, ERP Environment, UK, 2001, 60-67 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6343 (URN)
Conference
The 2001 Eco-Management and Auditing Conference, Nijmegen School of Management, The Netherlands, ERP Environment, UK
Note
QC 20110124Available from: 2006-11-14 Created: 2006-11-14 Last updated: 2011-01-24Bibliographically approved
4. Tools for design for environment (DfE): application in the printing industry
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tools for design for environment (DfE): application in the printing industry
2006 (English)In: TAGA Journal, ISSN 1748-0337, E-ISSN 1748-0345, Vol. 2, 205-223 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6344 (URN)
Note

QC 20110124

Available from: 2006-11-14 Created: 2006-11-14 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
5. Environmental indicators in the newspaper industry
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental indicators in the newspaper industry
2003 (English)In: Acta Graphica, ISSN 0353-4707, E-ISSN 1848-3828, Vol. 15, no 3-4, 105-115 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Environmental indicators promote the eco-efficient development of companies, as demonstrated in earlier study. This study builds on a previously developed model and inventory tools for industry specific environmental indicators for the graphic arts industry.This study is based on case studies from 14 newspaper companies with experience of the use of theseindustry-specific environmental indicators in actual production.This paper presents data on industry-specific environmental indicators for the newspaper industry.The data describes the average situation and the range of values for the indicators in 14 environmentally aware newspaper companies in Sweden in 2001. The data is also grouped so as toillustrate average values for various classes:Newspaper companies with printing facilities. Newspaper companies with no printing facilities. Newspaper printing companies.In addition, a preliminary comparison has been carried out using equivalent data for the commercial printing industry.The indicators calculated for each specific company, together with average values for these indicators, have been used to identify areas for action for the various companies and to formulate action plans. The aim of this is to promote more eco-efficient activities. The study also summarizes measures already implemented at the various companies.The use of indicators within these companies has been linked with the current and predicted futureeed to communicate environmental issues. Financial and social aspects have been considered to alimited extent in the study in order to put forward the concept of sustainable development in the newspaper industry in Sweden.

Keyword
Energy saving, Environmental indicators, Hazardous materials, Newspaper industry, VOC emission
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6345 (URN)
Note

QC 20110124

Available from: 2006-11-14 Created: 2006-11-14 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
6. Environmental data on gravure and offset printing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental data on gravure and offset printing
2006 (English)In: Acta Graphica, ISSN 0353-4707, E-ISSN 1848-3828, Vol. 18, no 1-4, 1-10 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents environmental data relating to gravure and offset printing. It focuses on theprinting steps in the production chain of publication printed products. The other steps in the life-cycleof printed products have also been studied but they are not the subjects of this paper.The study is based on case studies, where almost twenty gravure printers and ten offset printers fromaround Europe and the United States have been involved.The general, significant environmental aspects of publication printed products have been identified as thefollowing; use of paper, use of energy, consumption (loss) of volatile organic compounds (VOC), includingtoluene, hazardous waste and environmental management. Transport has also been identified as asignificant environmental aspect for printed products but, to a great extent, its magnitude depends on theparticular product. The data collected from printers in different parts of the world were compared toenvironmental data provided by offset printers in Sweden, which were mainly taken from coldset printers.This paper presents significant environmental data for a fairly large number of companies representing aconsiderable part of the printing capacity, not only in Europe but also worldwide. These data canprovide guidance for both printers and buyers of printed products working to achieve continualimprovements and striving towards more environmentally adapted printed products. To some extent,the data can also be used as reference values, since there are few compilations of data providing ageneral coverage of printers in different parts of the world.

National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6346 (URN)
Note

QC 20110124

Available from: 2006-11-14 Created: 2006-11-14 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
7. How to formulate and realise a corporate sustainability strategy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How to formulate and realise a corporate sustainability strategy
2007 (English)In: Progress in Industrial Ecology, An International Journal, ISSN 1476-8917, E-ISSN 1478-8764, Vol. 4, no 1-2, 103-121 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The main aim of this study is to develop, test and implement a working method for the graphic arts industry to formulate and realise a corporate sustainability strategy. This study is based on the case studies of two companies in the supply chain for printed products. The working method is inspired by the Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) methodology in ISO 14001 and the SWOT methodology. The working method established and successfully tested consists of six stages. The initial stages include an analysis of the current business climate in society and in the company, an identification of the significant sustainability aspects and a formulation of a shared vision. Examples of a sustainability strategy, long-term objectives, short-term targets, activities in working programmes and indicators are given. The results contribute to the process of bringing the thoughts of conceptual sustainability into practice in industrial applications.

Keyword
Environmental strategy, Printed products, Printing industry, Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, Supply chain management, Sustainability strategy, SWOT
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6347 (URN)10.1504/PIE.2007.013860 (DOI)2-s2.0-34547657698 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20110124. Uppdaterad från submitted till published(20110124)

Available from: 2006-11-14 Created: 2006-11-14 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved

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