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Potential of natural refrigerant in China, the case of the heat pump market
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9902-2087
2016 (English)In: Refrigeration Science and Technology, International Institute of Refrigeration , 2016, 341-347 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Heat pumps is regarded as renewable technology for heating systems in China. Phasing out traditional HCFC and HFC refrigerants is compulsory under various international conventions and protocols. This paper presents the current application status for R744 (carbon dioxide / CO2), R290 (propane) and R717 (ammonia / NH3). The potential of each natural refrigerant in the heat pump market is analyzed from the perspective of policy makers, manufacturers and end-users. The analysis shows that CO2, propane and ammonia are still at early stage of commercialization, while propane is the most promising candidate among the three. Finally, this paper concludes that there is a significant potential for natural refrigerant on the Chinese heat pump market. As technology advances, national regulations are enforced and national standards revised, choosing natural refrigerant will become both technically and economically feasible.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Institute of Refrigeration , 2016. 341-347 p.
Keyword [en]
Ammonia, China, CO2, Heat pumps, Natural refrigerant, Propane, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Commerce, Fluids, Heat pump systems, IIR filters, Pumps, Application status, International conventions, National standard, Natural refrigerants, Renewable technology, Technology advances, Refrigerants
National Category
Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-207556DOI: 10.18462/iir.gl.2016.1052ISI: 000402544400041Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85017618721ISBN: 9782362150180 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-207556DiVA: diva2:1103763
Conference
12th IIR Gustav Lorentzen Natural Working Fluids Conference, GL 2016, 21 August 2016 through 24 August 2016
Note

Conference code: 126956; Export Date: 22 May 2017; Conference Paper. QC 20170531

Available from: 2017-05-31 Created: 2017-05-31 Last updated: 2017-07-04Bibliographically approved

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Palm, Björn

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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