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Biogas energy polygeneration integrated with air-gap membrane distillation (AGMD) as arsenic mitigation option in rural Bangladesh
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3661-7016
2016 (English)In: Arsenic Research and Global Sustainability - Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Arsenic in the Environment, AS 2016, CRC Press/Balkema , 2016, 554-556 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Sustainable energy and drinking water access have been seen as major challenges for rural households in Bangladesh despite of governmental and non-governmental organizations have been made extensive efforts. This study contemplates a universal approach towards tackling both of these issues via biogas based polygeneration integrated with membrane distillation employed at the village level. The specific technologies chosen for the key energy conversion steps are as follows: plug-flow digester (co-digestion and mesophilic condition); internal combustion engine; and air-gap membrane distillation. The proposed techno-economic results show that daily electricity demand can be met with such a system while simultaneously providing 0.4 m3cooking fuel and 2–3 L pure drinking water. Cost analysis illustrates that the approach is highly favorable compare to other available system. The payback time of such system is between 2 and 2.5 years.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CRC Press/Balkema , 2016. 554-556 p.
Keyword [en]
Anaerobic digestion, Arsenic, Biogas, Distillation, Energy conversion, Internal combustion engines, Potable water, Sustainable development, Air gap membrane distillation, Electricity demands, Membrane distillation, Mesophilic condition, Mitigation options, Nongovernmental organizations, Plug flow digester, Sustainable energy, Rural areas
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-207553Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85017009729ISBN: 9781138029415 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-207553DiVA: diva2:1103768
Conference
6th International Congress on Arsenic in the Environment, AS 2016, 19 June 2016 through 23 June 2016
Note

Conference code: 175559; Export Date: 22 May 2017; Conference Paper. QC 20170531

Available from: 2017-05-31 Created: 2017-05-31 Last updated: 2017-05-31Bibliographically approved

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Martin, Andrew R.

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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