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Complexity and Context: Meta-requirements for Simulation Games
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Health Care Logistics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3416-4535
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Health Care Logistics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1126-3781
(English)In: Simulation and Gaming, ISSN 10468781Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Background. Simulations and models mediate between actors, and between actors and reality. Researching their context of use in policy making and their interpretation by policy makers is essential, since it might lead to different requirements and considerations for a modeler and the modeling process. 

 

Aim. In this article, we investigate and attempt to define the demands and requirements policy makers might have from simulation models, especially in the context of decision making in complex systems. Another goal of this article is to contribute to the ongoing discussion on fidelity and validity, and their relationship with representation of systems in models.

 

Method. Policy makers have expert knowledge of the systems they work with, as well as considerable experience in working with analytical tools such as simulations that provide them with evidence to support their policy processes. As potential clients and users of simulations, the reflections of 18 policy makers on the use of simulations are triggered through structured, play based exploration of a systems dynamics model. The system dynamics model simulates is specific to the local context and simulates the region they work in. It is implemented within Democracy 3, a commercially available game. This model is explored through game play in a workshop. Through forms and debriefing, insights were gathered from the players’ reflections on the use of models and simulations in policy practice.

 

Results. Our results point to different requirements from policy makers on simulations and models. Policy makers prefer complete, open models which are flexible and facilitate exploration. Results also demonstrate the linked nature of fidelity and validity. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications.
Keyword [en]
Representation, simulation, model, fidelity, validity, open, complete, agency
National Category
Computer Systems Public Administration Studies
Research subject
Human-computer Interaction
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-208163OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-208163DiVA: diva2:1104436
Projects
COMPLEX
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 308601
Note

QC 20170602

Available from: 2017-06-01 Created: 2017-06-01 Last updated: 2017-06-02Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Integrating Computational and Participatory Simulations for Design in Complex Systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integrating Computational and Participatory Simulations for Design in Complex Systems
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The understanding and conceptualization of cities and its constituent systems such as transportation and healthcare as open and complex is shifting the debates around the technical and communicative rationales of planning. Viewing cities in a holistic manner presents methodological challenges, where our understanding of complexity is applied in a tangible fashion to planning processes. Bridging the two rationales in the tools and methodologies of planning is necessary for the emergence of a 'non-linear rationality' of planning, one that accounts for and is premised upon complexity. Simulations representing complex systems provide evidence and support for planning, and have the potential to serve as an interface between the more abstract and political decision making and the material city systems.

Moving beyond current planning methods, this thesis explores the role of simulations in planning. Recognizing the need for holistic representations, the thesis integrates multiple disparate simulations into a holistic whole achieving complex representations of systems. These representations are then applied and studied in an interactive environment to address planning problems in different contexts. The thesis contributes an approach towards the development of complex representations of systems; improvements on participatory methods to integrate computational simulations; a nuanced understanding of the relative value of simulation constructs; technologies and frameworks that facilitate the easy development of integrated simulations that can support participatory planning processes.

The thesis develops contributions through experiments which involved problems and stakeholders from real world systems. The approach towards development of integrated simulations is realized in an open source framework. The framework creates computationally efficient, scalable and interactive simulations of complex systems, which used in a participatory manner delivers tangible plans and designs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. 43 p.
Series
TRITA-STH : report, ISSN 1653-3836 ; 2017:9
Keyword
distributed simulations, interactive, participatory, gaming, complexity theory, fidelity
National Category
Computer Systems
Research subject
Technology and Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-208170 (URN)978-91-7729-466-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-08-25, Lecture Hall T1, Hälsovägen 11C, Huddinge, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 609042
Note

QC 20170602

Available from: 2017-06-02 Created: 2017-06-01 Last updated: 2017-08-09Bibliographically approved

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Raghothama, JayanthMeijer, Sebastiaan

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