UO2 oxidation site densities determined by one- and two-electron oxidants
2008 (English)In: Journal of Nuclear Materials, ISSN 0022-3115, E-ISSN 1873-4820, Vol. 373, no 1-3, 186-189 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The oxidation site density (number of oxidation sites per m2) for UO2 powder was determined by measuring the amount of oxidant needed to fully oxidize the surface (denoted the critical oxidant conversion). The point where the surface becomes fully oxidized is identified by a change in reaction order from first to zeroth order in HC O3- free systems. At the critical oxidant conversion the kinetics of the reaction becomes completely governed by dissolution of oxidized UO2. The oxidants used in this study are H2O2 (two-electron oxidant) and IrC l62 - (one-electron oxidant). The oxidation site densities determined using the two different oxidants are (2.1 ± 0.1) × 10-4 and (2.7 ± 0.5) × 10-4 mol m-2, respectively, expressed in two electron equivalents. The fairly good agreement between the two oxidants implies that the methodology used indeed gives a reasonable measure of the oxidation site density. In addition, oxidation site densities for different size fractions of UO2 powder were determined. The results are discussed in terms of surface roughness.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 373, no 1-3, 186-189 p.
Density of gases, Dissolution, Oxidants, Powder metals, Surface chemistry, Surface roughness
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6362DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2007.05.042ISI: 000253059100026ScopusID: 2-s2.0-37549015664OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-6362DiVA: diva2:11053
QC 20101005. Uppdaterad från Submitted till Published (20101005).2006-11-172006-11-172010-11-16Bibliographically approved